Wednesday, July 31, 2019
Welcome to English 101! This course is designed to help you attain the critical thinking, reading, and writing skills that are necessary for both academic and professional success. Course Purpose: The five general purposes of this course include teaching: 1. rhetorical and logical principles related to development of significant expository content in intelligently organized essays, paragraphs, and sentences; Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 2. critical reading; 3. acceptable diction and sentence mechanics; Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 4. the writing process with a focus on prewriting and revision strategies; Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 5. se of library's research tools and the techniques of the documented paper. Student Learning Outcomes: 1. Use the writing process to compose essaysÃ¢â¬âincluding research papers in the MLA formatÃ¢â¬âthat contain unity, coherence, development, logic, gr ammatical precision, and selection of appropriate sources and their correct use. 2. Analyze written and visual texts for content, structure, rhetorical strategies, visual and written techniques, and grammatical precision. Required Texts: * Cohen, Samuel. 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology. 3rd ed. * Silverman, Jay, Elaine Hughes, and Diana Wienbroer.Customized Version of Rules of Thumb: A Guide for Writers for Santiago Canyon College. 8th ed. * Various essays and short stories that are available online and must be printed Required Materials: Internet and printing access Homework: Your homework assignments (required reading and other) are listed on the course outline. If you miss class however, email a classmate to be sure the homework has not been revised. Whether or not you did your homework will be checked through class discussions, quick writes, and pop quizzes. Homework points are factored into your participation grade. Concept Exams:There will be 4 exams in this course. The conten t will vary but it will always address concepts weÃ¢â¬â¢ve gone over in class and the reading assignments. Each exam is worth 25 points. Essays: There are four essays required in this course. Each essay must follow standard MLA guidelines which require the following format: * Your paper must be typed and double-spaced with one-inch margins on each side. * On the first page, you must write your name, my name, course title and date in the top left hand corner. * Your title must be centered. Capitalize principle words. Do not underline, bold-face, italicize, or do anything else to it. You can only use 12-point Calibri. * Your last name and page number must appear on the top right hand corner (header) on each page except the first one. You can refer to the MLA links provided online to find examples of MLA format. Further essay requirements will be elaborated on in class. Each essay is worth 100 points. Essay Revision Policy: You may revise and improve the grade of Essay 1 and Essay 2. However, in order to submit a revision for a better grade, you must do the following: 1) Enroll in Eng N91 and discuss your rough draft with your Writing Center instructor before you submit the essay to me. Provide proof that you have discussed your rough draft with WC instructor. ) 2) Submit your essay on time. No exceptions. 3) After you receive your grade, discuss graded essay with me before or after class so we can discuss your revision plan. 4) Submit the revised essay to me before the revision due date. **Note: If you do not meet all of the above-mentioned criteria, I will not accept your revision. You are responsible to meet all of the criteria and know all relevant due dates (see Course Outline); I will not remind you. Late Policy for Essays: Please submit your essays on time.All of our essays will be submitted online. Be aware that unwanted computer/internet/electronic issues arise and you should allow yourself enough time to deal with such issues should they occur. Critic al Thinking Paragraphs: Nearly each class session you will be given 5-10 minutes to write a paragraph in response to various prompts. Please save all your critical thinking paragraphs. At the end of the semester, I will collect them. These are worth 100 points total. Attendance Policy: You have four excused absences. After that, your grade will be deducted by 25 points.There are no exceptions to this policy. I suggest you reserve your excused absences for emergency situations. Please note that although the first four times you miss class it is Ã¢â¬Å"excusedÃ¢â¬ and no points will be deducted just for being absent, you will not be allowed to make up any points that are earned the day you have missed. (For example, if we take a pop quiz that day for 10 points, you will not be able to make up those points. ) Also, if you are absent, you are responsible to get any material or information you have missed from a classmate or from me during office hours.Do not email me for the material /information. Also, you do not need to email me to let me know you will be absent. And please do not explain to me (via email or in person) why you were absent as you will have 4 excused absences and be penalized thereafter no matter what the circumstance. Tardy Policy: If you are not in class when class begins, you will be considered tardy. If you are more than 20 minutes late you will be considered absent. You will be excused from being tardy thrice; you will be deducted 15 points for each time you are tardy after that. The same policy applies to leaving before the nd of class. Please do not email me to let me know you will be tardy and please do not explain to me why you were late. However, if you have to leave early, I would appreciate you letting me know before class so I do not worry about you when you get up and leave. Make Up Policy: Although your absence may be excused, any exams you need to make up will be deducted by 50%. Participation: Participation is worth 100 points. Your participation grade is based on how much you are contributing to class discussions and if you are contributing to a positive and edifying atmosphere.Every student begins with a 75% (out of 100) in participation. It is up to you to bring that grade up or down throughout the semester. Points are added by behavior such as contributing a relevant comment during the discussion of the reading; points are subtracted by behavior such as playing on your phone during class. Homework points will also be factored into participation. You will see a 75% on your grade in the beginning of the semester and it will not be updated until the end of the semester. If you are unsure about how I perceive your participation in class, you may ask me.Because participation is worth a large amount of points, I encourage you to reflect on your participation. If you do not participate very often, challenge yourself to contribute to class discussions; if you feel that you do more talking than anyone else in t he class, allow room for your classmates to contribute. Please turn your cell phones and other devices to SILENT. If you are caught using your phone in class, 5 points will be deducted from participation grade. If your cell phone rings in class, you must dance in front of class or bring snacks. Or you may choose to have 10 points deducted from your final grade. ) Almost no electronic device use is allowed in class. Participation points will be deducted if you are playing on your laptop, tablet, phone, iPod, or other electronic device in class. The only time using such devices is allowed is when you write your critical thinking paragraphs or when you are copying notes from the white board. Every other time I will assume you are doing things that are not conducive to learning. You are not permitted to take photos or record me, any of your classmates, or my course material without consent.This includes voice and visual recordings, and any other form of privacy or intellectual infringem ent. Please be open-minded, yet truthful, in your participation in class. I do not mind if you do not like a work I have assigned or if your point of view is different from the majority of the class; I simply ask that you share your insight in an intellectual and respectful manner. Email: Check your email. Throughout the semester I will email Eng 101 updates and reminders and itÃ¢â¬â¢s your responsibility to check your email for this information.When emailing me please be efficient, clear and respectful as I will be to you. Also please be considerate of how many students email me daily; if you have a question or comment that can be discussed in/before/after class, please wait till then to ask me; if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t get a quick reply from me, please be patient and/or consider whether or not your question is already answered in your syllabus or online or has been repeated several times in class. (Note: if you miss class it is not my responsibility to go over everything you missed v ia email. Contact a classmate or visit me during office hours. Grading Matrix: Exams: 100 pts Critical Thinking Paragraphs: 100 pts Essays: 400 pts Participation: 100 pts Pop Quizzes: 0-50 pts Your final points will be converted to a percentage. Your grades will be measured on the simple letter grade system. 100%-89. 5% is an A, 89. 4%-79. 5% is a B, 79. 4%-70% is a C, 69%-60% is a D, and 59% and below is an F. In order to meet the G. E. requirement, you will need to achieve a minimum grade of a Ã¢â¬Å"CÃ¢â¬ to pass this course. Plagiarism Plagiarism is the unacknowledged and inappropriate use of the ideas or wording of another writer.Because plagiarism corrupts values in which the university community is fundamentally committed Ã¢â¬â the pursuit of knowledge, intellectual honesty Ã¢â¬â plagiarism is considered a grave violation of academic integrity and the sanctions against it are correspondingly severe. Plagiarism can be characterized as Ã¢â¬Å"academic theft. Ã¢â¬ If I discover that you have in fact plagiarized, then you will immediately receive a failing grade for the assignment and possibly for the course. For your writing assignments, you will submit your essays to the anti-plagiarism program called Turnitin. com.To avoid plagiarism, just be certain that everything that you borrowÃ¢â¬âwords or ideasÃ¢â¬âhas been properly documented, using standard MLA form. For more information on Academic Integrity, please visit: http://www. sccollege. edu/Library/Pages/plagiarism. aspx Special Needs Santiago Canyon College is committed to providing reasonable accommodations for students with verifiable disabilities when requested by the student. If you require special services, it is your responsibility to alert your instructors and the Disabled Students Programs and Service (DSPS) as early as possible in the semester, so please let me know if you need assistance.To arrange for services at Santiago Canyon College, contact DSPS by phone: 714. 628. 486 0; 714. 639. 9742 (TTY/TDD- for students who are deaf) or stop by the DSPS Center in room E-105. Emergency Response Please take note of the safety features in and close to our classroom as well as study the posted evacuation route. To report serious crimes or emergencies on campus, please contact the campus safety and Security Office at 714. 628. 4730, located in U-100. Syllabus This syllabus is subject to change. You will always be given a proper announcement and reasonable time to adjust to any changes.The information and policies provided in this syllabus is your course contract. Being registered in this course acknowledges that you accept the terms and conditions listed in the syllabus. Course Outline The course outline includes of list of readings that will be discussed that day (therefore you must read the essay beforehand) and any exams that will be taken or essays that will be due. Because I want to ensure that every assignment is done at an appropriate time, I may (and prob ably will) adjust the schedule throughout the semester.It is your responsibility to account for the changes that I announce in class. Also, as college students, it is your responsibility to be aware of when exams and other assignments take place. I may not (and probably wonÃ¢â¬â¢t) remind you. Course Outline (Subject to Change) Week 1 8/27: Introduction to English 101 8/29: Bring textbook to class Week 2 9/3: Labor Day-No Class 9/5: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"The Value of ScienceÃ¢â¬ (available online); Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"The Ways We LieÃ¢â¬ Week 3 9/10: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"How to Tame a Wild TongueÃ¢â¬ 9/12: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"End of the World,Ã¢â¬ Bring Thesis to Class Week 4 /17: Essay 1 Rough Draft Due (bring print copy) 9/19: Exam 1 Week 5 9/24: Essay 1 Due; Introduction to Argumentative Unit; Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"Why DonÃ¢â¬â¢t We ComplainÃ¢â¬ 9/26: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"Letters from a Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ Week 6 10/1: Working on Essay 2 in class 10/3: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"No Name WomanÃ¢â¬ Week 7 10/8: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"GamesÃ¢â¬ 10/10: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"On Morality,Ã¢â¬ Bring Thesis to Class Week 8 10/15: Rough Draft of Essay 2 Due 10/17: Exam 2 Week 9 10/22: Essay 2 Due; Introduction to Literary Analysis; Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"Looking for WorkÃ¢â¬ available online 10/24: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"SalvationÃ¢â¬ Week 10 0/29: Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"Shape of the SwordÃ¢â¬ available online 10/31: Discuss excerpt from Decoded available online Week 11 11/5: Bring outline and thesis to class 11/7: Rough Draft of Essay 3 Due; Exam 3 Week 12 11/12: 11/14: Essay 3 Due; Practice Presentations Week 13 11/19: Essay 3 Class Presentations 11/21: Essay 3 Class Presentations Week 14 11/26: Introduction to Final Unit; Discuss Ã¢â¬Å"Allegory of the CaveÃ¢â¬ 11/28: In class work and readings Week 15 12/3: In class work and readings 12/5: In class work and readings Week 16 12/10: Exam 4 12/12: Essay 4 Due; Informal presentations of Essay 4
Interview with an Asian American Woman The Long Journey Towards The American Dream The Vietnam War ended in 1975, which caused many Vietnamese people to be driven out of their homes and immigrate to America, seeking a safe life away from the affects of war and political turmoil (Ojeda-Kimbrough Lecture June 7, 2012). My family was a part of these refugees searching for a way out. I interviewed my mother, Huong Carter who was born and raised in Vietnam and came to the U. S. with the second wave of immigrants after the war had ended.The second wave of immigrants, including my family, could not speak English very well and traveled by boat, which was one of the most dangerous ways of travel during this time (Ojeda-Kimbrough Lecture June 7, 2012). With the threat of pirates, theft, illness, and drowning, my family faced these dangers in order to gain their freedom. Analysis of interview My mother felt frustrated throughout the interview, trying to get her point across but maybe couldnÃ¢â ¬â¢t find the right words.She wanted to make sure that I knew everything that happened was because of how brave my grandfather had been to leave absolutely everything he had worked his whole life for behind just to keep my mother and her siblings safe and provide a brighter and safer future for them. I was trying to focus on how she felt during these times, and how she felt about being Asian in a predominantly White culture in America. The issues that we had learned in lectures did come up, but she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to focus on that.She wanted to focus on how hard her father had worked, and how hard each of them had to work, in school and in their jobs so that they could succeed in America where they had freedom and were safe from war. They saw coming to America as a great escape from the dangers of the political turmoil in Vietnam and worked hard every single day to obtain better jobs, more money, and a decent and safe future for their children. The interview gave me a better ins ight of how the Ã¢â¬Å"boat peopleÃ¢â¬ traveled and what kinds of dangers they faced, as well as the challenges faced absorbing life in America without fully understanding the language and culture.Early Life For some people, life was easy and comfortable in Vietnam. Huong was brought up in a wealthy family with four other siblings and had a maid and a chauffeur. As kids they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to do too much to help around the house and usually got what they wanted. Her father was a business man, and owned his own business. They lived in a big house an hour outside of Saigon in South Vietnam. Huong and her four siblings went to a nice public school in the area, and attended private lessons in Math and English. However the war brought on hardships for everyone.The effects of the war and the bombings happening all around where HuongÃ¢â¬â¢s family lived made her father decide it was time to leave. With it being much safer to live in the city, Saigon was their first choice, and the whole family made the move into Saigon. The Long Journey to America After the war, the communists took over Vietnam. In my motherÃ¢â¬â¢s words they Ã¢â¬Å"brain washedÃ¢â¬ children into believing in their way of communist life. The government started recruiting children to test out the mine fields from the war for any remaining mines.HuongÃ¢â¬â¢s oldest sibling ended up on this list, and it was at this time when their father decided it was time to leave Vietnam. He did not believe in the communist theory and wanted his children to grow up in a safe, free environment. Of course he knew that this meant he would have to give up everything he had worked for in Vietnam, and he knew the difficulties involved in moving to America, but after the communists won the war, their normal way of living was over. HuongÃ¢â¬â¢s family started their travels to America with the second wave of immigrants or the Ã¢â¬Å"boat peopleÃ¢â¬ (Ojeda-Kimbrough Lecture June 7, 2012).Her father had dec ided to give up everything they had in Vietnam to move to a safer place for his family, and most of all he wanted freedom. The proper legal papers were signed and their cousins in Georgia, USA who had immigrated earlier were their sponsors. They gave all of their money to guarantee space on the boat that would take them to America, and they had to pay with gold bars. The money used was just passage out of Vietnam; they had no idea where they were headed to. They were also told that it was a passenger ship, but it was in fact a freight ship.The government had lied and misled them, took all of their money in gold bars to only send them as far as Hong Kong. The boat ride was long and treacherous. Luckily my motherÃ¢â¬â¢s family had paid to get onto one of the bigger boats, meaning it was less likely that they would be attacked by pirates on their journey. What they did endure was extremely cramped conditions and rough seas. For freight ship that could have held maybe 1000 people, 300 0 people were squeezed onto this ship. Their journey to Hong Kong took about one month. During this time, people would commit suicide, die from sickness, or starve.The captain of the ship ordered people to toss over their only possessions and the food they had brought in fear of capsizing the boat during storms. After this, some people would try and steal food from their neighbors. When the boat reached Hong Kong, the government there wanted to send them back to Vietnam. They were not supposed to be there, and they surely didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to take them in. After a month of consideration and more waiting on the boat for the passengers, a camp was set up by the harbor for these thousands of passengers after their long travel on the sea.In this camp, my mother and her family would stay in Hong Kong for an additional 8 months before going to America. For her family of seven, they were given one bunk bed to share. Conditions at the camp were as cramped as on the ship, and very dirty. Th e refugees would be given rice and water every day for food, which they had to line up for. However, they were allowed to get small jobs outside of the camp, so my mother, all of her siblings and her parents would get these jobs so that their family could save enough money to buy a little extra food. After doing even more legal work and consulting with their relatives and sponsors in the U.S. , my mother and the rest of her family all finally got to leave Hong Kong, straight for America. The American Dream My mother arrived in Georgia, USA in 1979, at age 17. She left all her friends and family in Vietnam and the comforts of their old home. She was always so excited to go to America because everyone would talk about this rich land and when they finally got here, it was very overwhelming. At first she was confused. What my mother found in America was not what she expected. There was a lot more poverty and not at all like she had dreamed.Here they were immediately put into high school . Her father held back his children in school to allow them to catch up and make up for the year they had missed. He did this, so that his children would also have a chance to catch up on their English language skills, and do well in school. Their education was a priority and he wanted them to do their best. The language was the hardest part of coming to America, everything was new and unfamiliar. They only stayed in Georgia for two months before my grandfather contacted some of his old neighbors from Vietnam who were now living in California.He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like the weather in Georgia and felt California would probably be a better fit for him. So after only a few months, my mother finally got to California. The children were put back into high school immediately; however times were tough for my mother and her siblings. Their high school consisted of mostly white American, Hispanic and African American children. Her English was not very good at this point, so it was hard communicat ing with other kids, and socializing. Everywhere she went, she had a dictionary with her. She took beginners English class, where it consisted mostly of Hispanics.This class she felt was the nicest because she was with other kids who, like herself, could not speak the main language very well, and had difficulties expressing themselves. Luckily my grandfatherÃ¢â¬â¢s old neighbor had a daughter, Phuong, attending the same high school, who became friends with my mother and her siblings. Phuong helped make them to make friends and understand American society and culture a little easier. Phuong had been in California much longer than my mother, having come over with the first wave of immigrants. Her English was much better, and she already had a small close group of friends.Huong didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a long high school career, and she often felt isolated, and alienated from other kids. She would be ignored because they knew that she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t speak English very well and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to bother. She was the only Asian besides her siblings and always felt different from everyone else. Going into stores, the clerks would follow her around because they thought she would steal something. Huong felt cheated from having a real high school experience. She never got to go to prom or buy a year book because their family didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have enough money.She also felt she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t accomplish as much as she could have with her grades due to the language barrier, even when she would spend most of her time studying instead of making friends. However, she still obtained AÃ¢â¬â¢s and BÃ¢â¬â¢s through her hard work and perseverance, but was disappointed as she always had straight AÃ¢â¬â¢s in Vietnam. So she never felt like she was achieving as much as she potentially could. She was too busy trying to understand what everything was. College Getting into college was HuongÃ¢â¬â¢s and her siblingÃ¢â¬â¢s first priority.Most of the children actually got scholarships , and financial aid to help finance their college funds. Even though, Huong was actually embarrassed to ask for financial aid and have welfare and food stamps, it was the only way to attend college, and further her education. By this point in their lives, college was much easier because they understood the English language a lot better and there were more Asians in college than there were in high school. My mother got a job in the Financial Aid office at her college to help support her family.Her family was still struggling to make ends meet, so everyone had to work. Huong felt frustrated sometimes with her life, she wanted to accomplish as much as she could, but also had to help pay the bills for her family and work. Life was easy in Vietnam with their maids and chauffeurs, and here they had to work hard for everything they had. They lived in a small apartment and took the bus to school because they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t afford a car. Everyone in the family had part time jobs, and would work and study hard every day to help better their careers and education.My mother felt she would study even harder than everyone else because of the language barrier. She had no time to party or date, or to buy nice things, because their lives only consisted of work and studying. Towards the end of her college life, my mother was hired as a data entry clerk with a local Real Estate company. She always felt like she was being treated nice, but maybe not necessarily equally. Management would yell at Huong for mistakes that were not her fault. She was never trained for the job, and was expected to do things that she needed training for.She felt that she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t given any respect what so ever, and had to try her hardest to learn from her mistakes when they were yelling at her. Despite the disrespect and the yelling, she managed to earn a promotion to Assistant Controller with a raise from all her hard work. Huong didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a lot of friends in the work place, but was alwa ys nice to everyone and tried to get to know each colleague. When my mother met my father Jeff in college, things became easier for her. Jeff was from England, and also immigrated to California. He came from a poor family, and also had to work hard to provide for his family and help pay the bills.With all of the things they had in common, Huong felt like she could relate to someone else, and he helped her understand more about American society. He would help her with her homework and her English. With this, life became much easier for Huong, because she understood a lot more about the American way of life. With the extra help, she had more time to go out, have fun and do things that Americans do, like going to the movies, dancing, and eating out. Life Now After being here for 33 years my mother is comfortable with life in America. She never got to go back and visit Vietnam yet, but she wants to when life isnÃ¢â¬â¢t so busy.She still misses the food, the culture, and her family in Vietnam, but not only is she living easily, her parents and all of her siblings are also living comfortably in California now. Her parents have a small house in Garden Grove, the center of the Vietnamese community, where they have retired next to other Vietnamese people. She realizes now just how much her father had given up when bringing his family to America, but she knows it had to be done, for their safety and their freedom. She is more than grateful of her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions, because she got to live in a free country and become a citizen.The main thing is they got to come to a country where there is no war. Her entire family still keeps close to each other by calling one another often, even the relatives still in Vietnam, and they have many family gatherings throughout the year for holidays, birthdays, and also to celebrate Vietnamese traditions. They keep up with their culture, and how they prepare their food, and when they are all together they still primarily speak th e Vietnamese language. Their old customs and traditions are important to everyone in the family.
Tuesday, July 30, 2019
My main intension of my coursework is to investigate the effects of tourism, the effects of honey pot settlement and to examine the advantages and disadvantage of tourism in Bowness for instance the effects of tourism in the geographical landscape of Bowness. I am undertaking my coursework on the subject of Bowness in Windermere which is a sprawling tourist town on the showers of Windermere. This is about halfway along the 12 mile length of the lake between Waterhead of the North end, and the lakeside at the South end. The Lake District is the largest and the most popular National park in Britain. Over 14 million people visit the park each year most are attracted by the fine scenery, pretty villages and interesting history. It's has a pleasant specialist shop experience, with cobbled streets, ample tea rooms and pubs and with Beatrix Potter everywhere. A road ferry service runs across the lake from a point south of Bowness on the eastern side of the lake to Far Sawrey on the western side of the lake. For many years, power-boating and water-skiing have been popular activities on the lake. Windermere is the largest natural lake in England, and is entirely within in the Lake District National Park. It has been one of the country's most popular places for holidays and summer homes since 1847, when the Kendal and Windermere Railway built a branch line to it. Since Ã¢â¬Ëmere' means Ã¢â¬Ëlake', referring to Windermere as Ã¢â¬ËLake Windermere' is tautologous, though common. Windermere railway station offers train and bus connections to the surrounding areas, Manchester, Manchester Airport, and the West Coast Main Line, and is about a fifteen-minute walk from the lakefront. Both Stagecoach and the local council provide frequent connecting buses from Bowness Pier; Stagecoach's open-top double-decker buses travel through the centre of town and continue to Amble side and Grasmere, while the council's wheelchair-accessible minibuses run around the edge of town. The area has something to offer visitors at all times of the year, in all seasons. Even in the harsh winter months with its lightly snow-capped fells it offers spectacular scenery and numerous possibilities for the enthusiastic rambler. During the autumn the numerous changes of colour and the russet foliage add a note of romantic excitement in a season conventionally associated with death, decay and dreariness. Almost a third of the land is now owned by the National Trust, whose role it is Ã¢â¬Å"to preserve and enhance the natural beauty of the Lake District and to ensure that people can continue to enjoy the Lake DistrictÃ¢â¬ . Geography Coursework History of Bowness St Martin church of Bowness was built in 1483. When the church was enlarged the area behind the church is the oldest part of Bowness a delightful web of narrow streets known as lowside. Which gives an idea of what the villages was like before the arrival of the railway. There's a little branch railway line, built in 1869 to serve the increasing number of tourists and connecting Ulverston to Lakeside on Windermere. This is the last remaining Furness Railway branch line. These days the line only runs from Haverthwaite, stopping at Newby Bridge and ending at Lakeside alongside Lake Windermere and most of the wide selection of diesel and steam trains connect with Windermere Lake Cruises. Bowness-on-Windermere became a civil parish in 1894 at the same time an urban district council was formed for the town. The UDC merged with Windermere UDC in 1905 and the two civil parishes merged in 1974 under the name of Windermere. The civil parish is governed by a town council. St. Martin's Church the parish church of Windermere, stands on a site which has been a religious foundation for over 1,000 years. The original structure was burnt down and rebuilt in 1484, and restored in 1870. The east window contains 15th century stained glass, depicting red and white stripes and three stars, the arms of John Washington who was an ancestor of George Washington, the first president of America. The geology and topography of the land defined the first use of the locality now known as Bowness. The valley's first visitors found rich resources and sheltered wintering grounds for cattle. Because of this, the area was inhabited as a ranch in the mid 1890's. Only the railroad track and twin bridges intruded upon the pastoral landscape until the real estate boom of 1911. Bowness-on-Windermere has more history. It began as a small fishing village and the older character of Bowness-on-Windermere can be seen in the characteristic narrow streets around St Martin's church. It was the rapid development of Windermere during the latter half of the 19th century that caused Bowness-on-Windermere and Windermere to become almost as one. Together they attract a disproportionate number of holiday makers. The railway changed Bowness completely changed because of the railway people started to visit Bowness and before long it became a huge tourist attraction. People from all over the world come to Bowness. Now Bowness is Britain's most popular tourist attraction. Geography Coursework Problems of tourism William Wordsworth lamented coming of railway and predicted that the influx of tourists would spoil the natural appeal of the lake. He was right. The railway opened the area up to all and sundry and the centuries old seclusion of the area rapidly came to an end. The 14 million annual visitors to Lake District's national park are bound to cause problems both for the 42000 local residents and the environment. Some of the worst problems are in the honey pot areas. These are places that attract tourist in a large number and are usually very busy and congested. Almost Ã ¯Ã ¿Ã ½500 million is spent by visitors to the Lake District every year. Over 42,000 local jobs depend on tourism, and it's now vital to the local economy. But some people fear too much tourism will destroy the natural beauty people visit the Lake District to see. A honey pot is a particularly popular attraction within a managed tourist area, such as a national park. Examples include Bowness-on-Windermere in the Lake District. Honey pot sites are often encouraged because they concentrate the damage caused by tourists on small sites, making conservation easier in other parts of the managed area. Attempts to manage tourism in the Lake District have become a struggle to reach agreement between a number of different interest groups, including the National Park Authority, environmentalists, the tourism industry and the charitable organization, the National Trust. Tourism is essential to the economy of the Lake District and therefore the standard of living and quality of life of the residents of the region. It is estimated that there are about 12 million visitors to the Lake District per year; of these 10 million are day visitors, whilst 2 million stay overnight or longer. It has been estimated that within Cumbria as a whole 42000 jobs (17% of the work force) are linked to tourism, whilst in the National Park up to 50% of the workforce is employed in tourist related activities. As well as creating direct employment tourism also supports local services, such as the bus and rail network, village shops and public houses. Without tourism many of these services would not survive and the local population would suffer as a whole, as has happened in many rural areas throughout the UK. Whilst tourism brings benefits to the Lake District and the people who live there it also creates problems. In Lake District one of the key problems is traffic congestion and the associated problems of pollution, noise, parking and so on. It is estimated that 89% of the visitors to the Lake District arrive by car and many of these pass through Lake District. The amount of traffic passing through Lake District has steadily increased as shown in Table 1. Problems of tourism Year 1981 1992 1997 1999 Average number of vehicles per day 9600 13500 14600 14700 Tourism brings other problems to the Lake District too; * damage to the natural environments * a lack of affordable housing for local people ( It is estimated that of the nearly 23000 dwellings in the Lake District 15% of the houses are either holiday homes or second homes and in a more recent survey thirty new developments it was found that 62% of the dwellings were occupied by retired people and 11% were holiday homes or second homes) which means many young people have to leave the region to find a place to live * a lack of well paid permanent employment (many jobs in the tourist trade are seasonal and low paid) * a lack of services and facilities for young people and families (schools, libraries and so on) * pollution Lake District has a permanent population of only 2838 people Ã¢â¬â but this more than doubles in the tourist season. Tourism appears to be essential to the economy and the lives of the people of Lake District Ã¢â¬â without tourism Lake District would be just another small rural town which was struggling to survive and meet the needs of its population Tourism is both a benefit to and a problem for the people of Lake District and this is what I am going to investigating. But perhaps the biggest problem in the area is the traffic which often chokes the narrow country roads. In the lake-side community of Lake District there has been a long-standing campaign for a bypass to relieve congestion. But environmentalists have blocked the move because of the damage they say it would cause. Other problems are as follows: Traffic Footpath erosion Second homes Conflict Environment damage Pollution All these problems which I have gathered using primary, Secondary and ICT sources are going to be investigated and are going to be backed up by my coursework. Illustration of Lake District This image show the physical structure of Lake District Geography Coursework Questions for Tourist The key questions that need to be researched and answered are: What is quality of life and what factors affect it? Why do people visit Lake District? What effect do these visitors have on Lake District? What are the opinions of local residents and businesses? What impact do visitors have on quality of life in Lake District? All my questions are selected on geographical ideas to interpret my evidence adequately. I asked the tourist and locals if they don't mind me asking a few question in order to aid my coursework most tourist and locals were happy to help. 1) I asked the tourist what they think about Lake District? Ã¢â¬Å"It is lively and got boats and people are nice hereÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"it is lovely very nice hereÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I think bowness is a bit too crowded and too many peopleÃ¢â¬ For this question I was hoping to get lots of positive answers as I expected the majority of tourist made positive comments about Lake District. I asked the tourist this question to find out what are the attractions of Bowness. I decided to use a pie chart which will show my results in a clear format. Questions for Tourist 2) What do you think are the effects on the local people because of tourism? Ã¢â¬Å"Yes because of the trafficÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They are making moneyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes too crowded and trafficÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They lost their homeÃ¢â¬ For this question I was expecting the tourist to address the problems of tourism as I expected the majority of tourist addressed the issue. I asked the tourist this question to find out if they know about the effects of tourism. I decided to use a graph which will demonstrate my results in a clear layout. Questions for Tourist 3) How do you think the traffic affects the tourist coming here to Bowness? Ã¢â¬Å"Traffic really bad in mini busÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No the traffic is not a problemÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The traffic is getting worse every timeÃ¢â¬ For this question I was expecting the tourist to address the problems of traffic as I anticipated the preponderance of tourist addressed the issue. I asked the tourist this question to find out what are the attractions of Bowness I decided to use a bar chart which will display my results in a understandable design. Questions for Tourist 4) What age group are you in? 18 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70 18 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70 18 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70 18 to 30, 30 to 40, 40 to 50, 50 to 60, 60 to 70 For this question I was expecting most of the tourist to be aged well over 40 as I anticipated the prevalence of tourist was well over 40 of age. I asked the tourist this question to find out what age group visits Bowness. I decided to use a doughnut chart which will display my results in an understandable design. Questions for Tourist 5) What category do you think your salary is in the end of each month? 1500 to 3000, 3000 to 5500, 5500 to 6500 to 7500 1500 to 3000, 3000 to 5500, 5500 to 6500 to 7500 1500 to 3000, 3000 to 5500, 5500 to 6500 to 7500 1500 to 3000, 3000 to 5500, 5500 to 6500 to 7500 For this question I was hoping most of the tourists to be earning 1500 to 3000 as I anticipated the prevalence of tourist are earning 1500 to 3000. I asked the tourist this question to find out what part of the society they come from. I decided not to use any method to display my results for this question because it seems so obvious. 6) What is your occupation? Ã¢â¬Å"Photographer retiredÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Retired Coach DriverÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Caretaker in youth clubÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Retired NurseÃ¢â¬ For this question I had no idea about the occupation, I decided not to use any method to display my results for this question because it seems appropriate. Questions for Tourist 7) What would you change about Lake District? Ã¢â¬Å"Wouldn't change a thingÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Loves it as it isÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I would change the trafficÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I would change the number of peopleÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Change the number of Mini busÃ¢â¬ For this question I was expecting the tourist to address the problems of traffic and pollution as I anticipated the preponderance of tourist addressed the issue. I asked the tourist this question to find out what problems tourists face in Bowness. I decided to use a pie chart which will display my results in a understandable design. Questions for Locals The key questions that need to be researched and answered are: What is quality of life and what factors affect it? Why do people visit Lake District? What effect do these visitors have on Lake District? What are the opinions of local residents and businesses? What impact do visitors have on quality of life in Lake District? All my questions are selected on geographical ideas to interpret my evidence adequately. I asked the tourist and locals if they don't mind me asking a few question in order to aid my coursework most tourist and locals were happy to help. 1) How long have you lived in Bowness? Ã¢â¬Å"4 yearsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Born hereÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"3 yearsÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"6 yearsÃ¢â¬
Monday, July 29, 2019
Gambling and crime - Essay Example The gambling industry entices people to try gambling in order to get them hooked and become addicted and the industry knows full well the consequences of an addiction. A former lawyer of John Ascuagas Ã¢â¬Å"NuggetÃ¢â¬ embezzled $3 million for his gambling habit and in another case, the accountant of a doctors clinic stole some $2.3 million from her employer to feed her habit of buying lottery tickets, as much $6,000 per day. She had pleaded guilty and was charged with a second-degree grand larceny. As it becomes an addiction, some decent, reasonable, respectable and rational people are really tempted to steal money and also commit other far more serious crimes like murder for their gambling addictions. Gambling involves taking the odds or probability of a certain outcome to be occurring. Gambling can take many forms such as horse racing, card games, table games, slot machines, dog racing, sports betting (boxing, basketball, soccer, etc.) and even on the Internet. Some forms of gambling are considered tame or mild in nature such as sweepstakes, lotteries and bingo games because the bet amounts are not very large although prizes can get very big. There are warning signs of a gambling addiction and people should be made aware of them. Planning a future action is a healthy attitude. This is the same principle involved when businessmen and investors go into business in order to earn money. This speculative attitude generates investments and jobs such as in the form of insurance contracts (fire, auto, marine, flood, etc.), life annuities and the modern and very complex forms of contracts like financial derivatives and stock options. The futures market in agricultural commodities is a very good example of gambling based on speculation but minimizing the risks involved. However, this paper will explore and discuss the troubling issues associated with types of gambling in the strict sense of the word. This paper looks at the problems generated by the uncontrolled urge
Sunday, July 28, 2019
Economics for Business 3 - Essay Example Various macroeconomic variables were affecting the demand and supply of the products produced by Apple exist. Additionally, these variables are essential in ensuring that Apple poses a cutting edge in the market today. These variables include interest rates, GDP, GDP plays a key role in influencing the demand supply of the Apple Inc. in 2013, for instance, the global forecast for GDP was at 3.3% according to the Global Macroeconomic Outlook. This was a relatively slow growth, having in mind that the growth of the GDP in the last decade hit a 3.8% gain. Usually, slow growth in GDP is followed by a fall in demand for goods and services. Apple being a producer of cyclical products, led to a fall in demand of their products. Additionally, slow growth rate may end up leading to the company lowering its prices hence leading to a reduction in profit margin (TynjÃ ¤lÃ ¤ &Eloranta, n.d). In 2010, growth rate in the economy was registered and hence AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s profit margin rose from 21.5% in 2010 to 23.8% in 2011. A rose in profit margin also came from the fact that there was the demand for AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s product. Interest rates affect the demand and supply of products of a given organization to a large extent. An increase in interest rates by banks leads to decrease in demand for products. When interest rates increase, people tend to avoid dealing with the increased interest rates and wait till when the rates reduce. Apple Inc. Being an organization that deals with product sales is also affected by interest rates. In Japan, one of the major consumers of AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s products experienced increased interest rates in 2012. On a large extent, it led to the reduction in supply of the Smartphones in Japan. Inflation refers to the long-term rise in price of goods and services due to the devaluation of a currency. Apple targets several consumers in various
Saturday, July 27, 2019
How long-lasting parental conflict in a marriage can influence children while growing up in the home - Essay Example How long-lasting parental conflict in a marriage can influence children while growing up in the home? Child development is a hypothetical growth which depends on parents' sensitive behabiours that necessitates for the growing up of the child. Child development with a concentration upon psychological development seems to deny maturational, i.e., physical, psychological, motor, and neurological. In this research paper argued that child development and psychological processes in children are likely to be highly affected by the long-lasting parental conflict in a marriage. Various levels of analysis (e.g., economic, political, institutional, educational) of the effects of the long-lasting parental conflict in a marriage on adults and children in families. The specific gap addressed in this paper is to further the conceptualization of the psychological, sociological, and familial processes in children that may be affected by the long-lasting parental conflict in a marriage in families. A related goal is to place these conceptualizations in terms of a broader framework for understanding th e complexity of the processes underlying the impact of the conflict. Many parents assume that as long as their voices are children are not raised, their children will remain unaware of the conflict at hand. The general idea known as "child development" originated a generation ago as an interdisciplinary movement, no as a discipline in itself. ... Over the past several decades, a growing body of research has focused on the conflict in the family and how those conflicts affect children. Henry W. Maier, decided that any theory to be included in his book Three Theories of Child Development had to deal with personality development as a continuous and sequential process, starting with child's status as an infant and dealing with each subsequent stage of psychological growth: early childhood, childhood, and adolescence. Much of the more work has been devoted to parent behaviour as the antecedent and to child behabiour as the consequent. While we are nothing the impact of the paternal attitude on the child it well for us to consider the view of the child has of his parents several studies indicate that children have definite ideas about their relationships with their parents. Freudian theory has it that the relationship of the child to his parent of the opposite sex is critical in the development of his personality. Evidently, too, t he strength of the mother or father plays an important part. The study will examine the differential effects of the parents on the child's development. Mother-father relationships have an almost direct bearing on the child. (Hoffman, & Lippitt, 1960). 3. The long-lasting marital conflict's Psychological Hypothesis As the study illustrates, the long-lasting marital conflict can affect children's development. At first, mother entered into the infant's with equal influence, as the mother's temporary substitute or as some one with some nurturing purpose- or as a deterrent to his nurture. As the infant gains trust in his parents, his environment and his way of life, he starts to discover that
Friday, July 26, 2019
Alcohol Abuse in Men and Women - Essay Example Epidemiologic evidence suggests that the problem with alcoholism lack the stereotypical features of other substance abuse disorders mainly due to the fact that alcohol drink is considered a socially acceptable beverage, although society does not accept the excess and abuse. That which starts as a social norm may eventually turn out to be an addictive behaviour. Psychiatric manifestations apart, a history of alcoholism provides the explanation of many other health conditions that a nurse may come across, and from that point of view, awareness that many other organ system disorders are secondary to alcohol abuse is an absolute necessity for the nurse who cares for the patient (WHO, 2002). The effect size and effect count of alcohol abuse on other health conditions appear enormous and numerous, and these patients would require care for these other health issues eventually, and the impact on the nursing management and management plan consequently become numerous (Goldacre et al., 2004). In this literature review, current evidence would be sought as to how alcohol abuse in both the sexes affect the baseline health status of the individual, setting aside the problem of alcoholism per se. The literatures that would be reviewed would deal with all the parameters of health, such as, pathologic processes involving other organ systems, morbidity, mortality, and quality of life issues for adult men and women. In the short span of this review, it should be admitted that, it is not possible to discuss in detail all the studies to extract the specific health implications (Rehm et al., 2003b); however, it is presumed that it would serve the purpose of an overview so it can generate awareness about alcohol abuse health effects in both the sexes from the angles of impact on care, so the reader can ultimately make an informed decision about the management of such cases from the available evidence from literature. The common causes of death among persons with the alcohol-related disorders are suicide, cancer, heart disease, and hepatic disease. Apart from these, alcohol abuse has been implicated in many other pathologic processes in the body to contribute to mortality and morbidity of the individuals who misuse alcohol. Current research indicates that drinking level rather than drinking pattern bears the strongest relationships to alcohol-associated problems. At low drinking levels, frequent drinkers would be expected to have highest levels of problems. There are certain gender differences in relation to health issues between adult men and women. At lower levels of drinking women have a slightly lower drinking frequency and fewer problems than men. Research has shown that the Whites have the highest rate of alcohol use, and men are much more likely than women to be binge drinkers and heavy drinkers. Although alcohol misuse appears to be prevalent in higher socioeconomic classes, alcohol-relate d disorders appear among persons of all socioeconomic classes. In the past few decades, alcohol consumption has increased substantially in the population. Expressed as liters of pure alcohol per year per capita, the current
Product - Article Example It is important to know why prices of petroleum products make a random up and down movement in price line. Being a product of global petroleum market, its supply chain participantsÃ¢â¬â¢ list is complex. Although its supply is not short but demand of gasoline is likely to grow. To fulfill the demand side, its production and imports needs to be increased if the public is to be served with a constant price line. Petroleum companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ lenient attitude in strengthening the supply line creates temporary shortage of gasoline; it affects the price. Market for petroleum goods reacts to the dynamics of supply/demand. Any supply imbalance created takes some time, so the price of gasoline gets increased for some time only; as soon as supply is replenished, balance in demand and supply pulls down the hike in price. Market mechanism works to provide the speedy and the most effective answer to the supply disturbances (National Petroleum Council, 2004). In the U.S. gasoline prices have seen wider fluctuations. People have spent millions of dollars extra on gasoline during 2004 and 2005. Some areas have been affected sharply than others. In the spring of 2005, gasoline national weekly average prices at the gas stations after including taxes increased $2.28 per gallon. This hike in gasoline prices was steep but temporary and was felt throughout the U.S. It is also observed that sometimes gasoline prices in some particular areas are higher than rest of the market. According to the Federal Trade Commission Report (2005), since the mid nineties, the West Coast consumers, especially the Californians have paid more dollars for gasoline than rest of the U.S. states. Other than the dynamics of demand and supply, federal, state, and local regulations also affect the price of gasoline. Policy makers need to analyze to select the right strategies to counter the hike in gasoline prices. Price hike in gasoline is closely associated with antitrust issues, as analyzed by the
Thursday, July 25, 2019
Financing, Liberal Arts, and Equity Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words
Financing, Liberal Arts, and Equity - Assignment Example I would also describe the curriculum I want to teach in future and how? Then I will discuss the problems I have faced as a professional teacher. In the end, I would like to state a detailed conclusion to give a clear picture of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s education system as well as challenges of this system and what measures should be taken in order to transform it to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s best education system. Financing, Liberal Arts, and Equity In all the states of America there are many schools that are truly dependent on the taxes from various local groups and one of the main issues we Americans are facing is the uneven distribution of all those taxes. If in future we will be able to solve this key issue then 80% of the financing problems of our schools will be solved. Moreover, in America the allocation of funds for primary and secondary education is only 7 %. This apportion should be more so that the field of education should get a slightly bigger share to accomplish its goals effectively. As per my five years of experience in this field of teaching, I have come across many challenges as a professor. One of them is finance definitely. In order to finance schools in America we can limit a share from everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s salary to be collected on the first of each month and delivered to the schools. It would work in this scenario that let us say there is a school in any location. We can gather a small amount from the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s salary around there and submit it to the school in that location. Once we apply this practice, I am sure we can generate handsome money, each month for the improvement of the school. In my views the last one is the most optimum and easiest way to increase educational funding for all schools in America. Besides financial issues, I have also faced many problems while dealing with students and their parents. I must say that there is a proper mechanism that should aware students regarding liberal arts as well. According to Professor Thomas Green ( Few Years Back), Ã¢â¬Å"We are born into the world, but we are educated into the possession of our powers for the exercise of intellect, emotion, imagination, judgment, memory, observation and action....Ã¢â¬ A scientific study gives a scientist to a society; study of arts produces an artist but studying liberal arts makes you a learner for the rest of your life. Liberal Arts actually unshackle your mind to study whatever you want to study in a precise manner, whether it is science or arts. Studying Liberal Arts makes you a good learner or you can say a life time learner. It makes you a critical thinker so that you can develop the skill of thinking critically for any matter that comes across in your life. It makes you a proficient problem solver as well as an efficient manager so that you can develop excellent managerial skills in yourself. Liberal Arts give the concept of team building and collaborative thinking to solve your issues collectively, no matter whatever you are. Moreo ver, I think studying Liberal Arts is the most efficient way to aware oneself with all the aspects of arts, science and technology. Therefore, in my views, it is a subject that should be given great importance and significance in secondary and post-secondary education because Liberal Arts builds confidence in students as well as teaches them the art
Wednesday, July 24, 2019
The Success of Saudi Economic Policies According to Islamic Financing Principles - Literature review Example The structure of society in Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, which means that patriarchal values of hereditary power are enshrined in all the internal political organisations. It is not like the monarchy which exists in the UK, where the Queen has a largely ceremonial role, but rather it is a non-democratic institution where the ruling royal family occupy the positions of power and decision-making. King and Prime Minister Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud have been both chief of state and head of government since 2005, and all members of the council of ministers are appointed by him. (CIA, 2010) Female members of the Royal family and other respected women can and do occupy prominent positions with impressive job titles such as Princess Dr al-Jawhara bint Fahd al-Saud who was an undersecretary for education for women's colleges and Dr Nora Alyousuf, who is one of only six state-appointed Ã¢â¬Å"parliamentary advisorsÃ¢â¬ but their powers are limited and many people view these appointment s as a cosmetic touch to distract from the lack of influence that Saudi women have in society. It would be wrong to assume, however, that royal power is always used to oppress women in modern Saudi Arabia and in fact over the last ten years there have been aÃ number of royal decrees which call for the setting up of organisations which review and reform Saudi social and political structures. The royal decree of March 9, 2004, called for the establishment of an Institution for Human Rights and another one of Sept.12 2005 set up an official Saudi Committee for Human Rights.Ã The structure of society in Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, which means that patriarchal values of hereditary power are enshrined in all the internal political organisations. It is not like the monarchy which exists in the UK, where the Queen has a largely ceremonial role, but rather it is a non-democratic institution where the ruling royal family occupy the positions of power and decision-making. King and Prime M inister Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud have been both chief of state and head of government since 2005, and all members of the council of ministers are appointed by him. (CIA, 2010) Female members of the Royal family and other respected women can and do occupy prominent positions with impressive job titles such as Princess Dr al-Jawhara bint Fahd al-Saud who was an undersecretary for education for women's colleges and Dr Nora Alyousuf, who is one of only six state-appointed Ã¢â¬Å"parliamentary advisorsÃ¢â¬ but their powers are limited and many people view these appointments as a cosmetic touch to distract from the lack of influence that Saudi women have in society. It would be wrong to assume, however, that royal power is always used to oppress women in modern Saudi Arabia and in fact over the last ten years there have been aÃ number of royal decrees which call for the setting up of organisations which review and reform Saudi social and political structures. The royal decre e of March 9, 2004, called for the establishment of an Institution for Human Rights and another one of Sept.12 2005 set up an official Saudi Committee for Human Rights.Ã
Tuesday, July 23, 2019
A comparative evaluation of the impact of culture on customers' behaviour - Essay Example is imperative for international marketers to treat culture as a mental image that impacts on a broad scope of specific attitudes, which consequently, determine the way consumers evaluate options in the product or service categories. The holiday season presents an exciting period for both business to business (B2B) and business to consumers (B2C) organisations alike. Being a high stake and high volume season, businesses finalise their budgets for the upcoming year and stock up on new products, while consumers buy gifts and gadgets. Studies have proven that shoppers spend more on the holiday market, but businesses cannot make a lasting impact on the market by simply seeking to sell and make profits if they do not consider the cultural aspects of customers (Alam 2006, p. 235). This paper will analyse and discuss the way cultural factors affect customer behaviour and preferences in the holiday market and also compare and contrast the UK culture with that of China. Finally, it will give s pecific recommendations on a relevant marketing mix for each country. As the world becomes more globalised, consumers tend to develop the same needs and preferences and some business organisations may wrongly produce goods and use the same marketing techniques among all its international customers. Notable researches conducted have shown that there are tangible differences between cultures around the world and also among citizens of the same nation (Arnould & Thompson 2005, p. 871). Marketers often overwhelm customers with communication on different brands over the holiday market, which does not necessarily translate into effective communication with the target market. Customers behaviour is manifested in the way organisations, groups and individuals select, acquire and dispose of ideas, experiences, services and products to satisfy their needs. When marketers acquaint themselves with customer behaviour, they also get to learn their decision-making processes and how they are
Monday, July 22, 2019
Othello Ã¢â¬â Paper Assignment Essay A desire for revenge can overcome a person and have great detrimental effects. This is especially true in the play Othello by William Shakespeare. The play takes place in a time of war between Italy and Turkey. The play begins in Venice, Italy but then shifts to the island of Cyprus for the remainder of the play. In the play, the main antagonist Iago was not chosen for a position of lieutenancy by his general, Othello. Othello had chosen a man named Cassio over Iago. Iago, being very envious of Othello and Cassio, plots a plan for revenge. Early on in the play, we find that Othello has complications in his marriage to Desdemona. Othello and Desdemona are seen as opposites in which Desdemona is an innocent, sweet, high class white woman, while Othello is a tough, ugly, and black war general. Iago, using this knowledge, begins to plot his revenge. Iago says, Ã¢â¬Å"I hate the Moor, and it is thought abroad that Ã¢â¬Ëtwixt my sheets Ã¢â¬Ëhas done my office. I know not ifÃ¢â¬â¢t be true, but I, for mere suspicion in that kind, will do as if for suretyÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, iii, 429-433). Iago, in this quote, suggests that a rumor about Othello sleeping with his wife may not be true, but he will pretend it is in order to better his plot for revenge. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s first step in the plan was to endanger OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship by telling Brabantio, DesdemonaÃ¢â¬â¢s father, about their marriage. Othello claims he will not hide because he has nothing to be afraid of and ask Iago if he agrees. Iago says, Ã¢â¬Å"By Janus, I think noÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, ii, 38). Iago alludes to the Greek god Janus that supposedly had two faces. This is an example of dramatic-irony because the audience knows that Iago himself is two-faced since he pretends to be nice but in actuality is trying to get revenge; Othello is also unaware of IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s other motives. Iago, in his plot for revenge, often uses psychological means to manipulate people. When Brabantio is talking to Othello, he says Ã¢â¬Å"She has deceived her father, and may theeÃ¢â¬ (Act 1, iii, 333-334). Brabantio believed that since Desdemona was not loyal to her father, she may also deceive Othello. This is an example of foreshadowing because Othello will be lead on to believe that Desdemona is not loyal to him. Iago, later in the play, alludes to BrabantioÃ¢â¬â¢s warning and says, Ã¢â¬Å"She did deceive her father, marrying you, and when she seemed to shake and fear your looks, she loved them mostÃ¢â¬ (Act 3, iii, 237-240). Iago, being very diabolical, enhances OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s doubts about his marriage. This doubt in OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s mind comes into play later in IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s plans for revenge. Iago shows that he will use any means to get his revenge, whether it be lying or manipulating any insecurities in others. Near the end of the play, IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s plan has progressed as he had planned: Othello does not trust Desdemona or Cassio, Iago had gotten Cassio fired, and Othello still has complete trust in Iago. Othello had given Desdemona a handkerchief when they had gotten married which symbolized everything holding their relationship together. Iago gets a hold of the handkerchief and plants it on Cassio. This becomes proof for Othello that Desdemona is cheating on Othello with Cassio. Othello becomes so angry he kills Desdemona. Emilia, IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, walks in after Othello strangles Desdemona and in shock tries to explain what Iago has done to him. Iago comes in and tries to stop Emilia; he then stabs her because she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s plan had been revealed and Othello is traumatized. Othello exclaims Ã¢â¬Å"But why should honor outlive honestyÃ¢â¬ (Act 5, ii, 293)? Othello, trying to comprehend what he has done, questions how the reputation of being honorable could outlast honor itself. Iago, so bent on getting revenge for the sake of his reputation, had killed his very own wife. At the beginning of the play, Iago had said that he heard a rumor about Othello sleeping with his wife. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know if it was true but said he would pretend it was in order to fuel his desire and plot for revenge. Throughout the play, Iago had used any means to complete his goal. For example, Iago used psychological means to manipulate Othello into doubting his relationship with Desdemona. Iago then lied to Othello and tricked him into believing that Desdemona was having an affair with Cassio. If Emilia had not told Othello, he may not have known about IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s plan at all. Iago kills Emilia for telling Othello, which is ironic because Iago used the rumor about Othello and his wife to fuel his revenge. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s desire for revenge became so great that when Emilia ruined his plan, he killed her. Instead of killing Iago, Othello says, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢d have thee live, for in my sense Ã¢â¬Ëtis happiness to dieÃ¢â¬ (Act 5, ii, 340-341). Iago will be kept alive and most likely tortured because killing him would be a punishment not worthy of IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s desire for revenge ultimately overcame him and caused many detrimental effects in his life as well as many others. In conclusion, one should never seek revenge.
Sunday, July 21, 2019
Odour Of Chrysanthemums | Analysis Of Themes Odour of Chrysanthemums, by D. H. Lawrence, once again is full of themes and motifs. One could study this text and come up with many different interpretations. Lawrence also seems to reference rolls of sex in his story. Lawrence stresses the essential separation of all people, particularly the separation of men and women. This is indicated by Elizabeth Batess emotional distance from all those around her, with the exception of her daughter, Annie, and with the way in which characters talk at, rather than engage in dialogue with, each other. Recognition of the separation of all people and particularly of men and women, for Lawrence, must take place in the dark, through the sensual channels of dimmed sight, muffled odors, and touch rather than through intellectual understanding. Elizabeth Bates recognizes the apartness of her husband by gazing on and touching his still-warm body. She recognizes that he is now apart from her in the world of death, just as during his life he was apart from her in his sexual difference, his masculinity. Similarly, his son John, who resembles his father, is described as being separate from his mother in his shadow y darkness and even in his play-world. Finally aware of the infinite separation between herself and her husband whom she had known falsely, Elizabeth will submit to life, her new master, as she had not submitted to her husband by acknowledging his essential otherness. Death also plays a big role in Odour of Chrysanthemums. The delivery of Walter Batess dead body at the Batess home introduces the storys climactic final phase. This phase addresses the relationship between death and life, in light of a consideration of the relationship between men and women. From the beginning, darkness and gloom and a sense of dread seem to hang over Elizabeth Bates. In the first paragraph, the mine and its train are presented as life-destroying forces which startle animals and cramp human lives. Knowing the dangers of underground work, Elizabeth Bates and her neighbors seem to be aware that Walter Bates may have died in the mine. These different elements foreshadow the focus on death at the conclusion of the story and the way it will inform the future life of Elizabeth Bates. While Walter Bates has probably been dead for the first part of the story, a period coinciding with Elizabeth Batess anxious anticipation of his arrival, the story shifts into a mythic dimension with the stark presence of his half-naked body. The two women kneeling by the untouched and still body conjure up images of the scene of the Virgin Mary holding the body of the crucified Christ. Encountering the dignity and finality of death, she realizes that she has been misguided in her futile attempts to criticize and change her husband. The story implies that she will spend the rest of her life attempting to incorporate this realization, achieved through an encounter with death, into her life. She will live, the story implies, anticipating a meeting with her husband in the realm of the dead. Lawrence also writes about the difference in social class. Odour of Chrysanthemums is set in a rural mining village, and there are strong indications that Elizabeth Bates considers herself socially superior to her husband and his working-class friends who labor underground; however, by the end of the story, through her mythic encounter with his dead body, she comes to value her husband, and by implication, to ignore his class position. Elizabeth Bates is described as a woman of imperious mien, who scolds her son when he tears up the flowers because it looks nasty and appears to censure her fathers decision to remarry soon after being widowed because it violates social propriety. Unlike her neighbors, she does not use the local dialect, an indication of class position, but she is not above criticizing one neighbors unkempt house. Unlike other miners wives in the community, she refuses to demean herself by entering the local pubs to entice her husband home. She is distressed when her c hildren mimic their fathers habits and preferences. Most significantly, however, Elizabeth Bates indicates her disdain for the social position of her community by fighting against her husband and his values. Probably lulled into marrying him by his good looks and his lust for life, she now resents him for making her feel like a fool living in this dirty hole. She seems to despise the manual nature of her husbands work, indicated by her unwillingness to wash the residue of pit-dirt from his body when he emerges from his shift in the mine. Awaiting his return, she angrily says she will force him to sleep on the floor. However, her attitude dramatically shifts when she learns about the accident. She even entertains a fleeting, deluded notion that she may transform her husband morally while nursing him back to health, but her illusions disappear when the dead body of her husband is carried into her home by miners supervised by the pit manager. Viewing the body lying in the naive dignity of death, she is appalled and humbled at what appear s to be her husbands new distance from her, but she slowly comprehends that their former connection was based solely on an unnamed attraction above and beyond the conditioning of social class, and the lure of compatible personality, common interest, or shared experience. She now acknowledges that their relationship was part of a different order of experience, which belonged to a mythic dimension. It is a dimension which includes the physical work of the dark mine, the sexual attraction of the body, and the mysterious world of the dead. The story ends with the laws of this new mythic dimension overriding Elizabeth Batess former concerns about social class. Control Room | Documentary | Analysis Control Room | Documentary | Analysis Documentary film analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"CONTROL ROOMÃ¢â¬ . In March 2003, American and British forces invaded Iraq with the intention to overthrow the regime of the dictator Saddam Hussein, and the Gulf War erupts. The countless military troops and thousands of journalists from all around the world, descend upon the region in order to secure potential news coverage. Ã¢â¬Å"Truth ultimately finds its way to peoples eyes and ears and heartsÃ¢â¬ . This is the sentence, uttered by Secretary of Defence Donald H. Rumsfeld, and is heard midway through Ã¢â¬Å"Control RoomÃ¢â¬ Jahane Noujaims bristling documentary about Al Jazeera, the satellite news network during the war. You can only hope that Mr. Rumsfeld is right, though his words inevitably call to mind the proverb, that in war, truth is the first casualty. (Scott, 2004; commondreams.com). Jehane Noujaims Ã¢â¬Å"Control RoomÃ¢â¬ another high profile entrant in the current sweepstakes of anti-Bush, anti- imperialist documentaries. As in her Ã¢â¬Å"Start up.comÃ¢â¬ , Noujaim focuses less on abstract issues and more on the personalities of the players as they react to events taking place. She was born and raised in Egypt before moving to America and that is probably one of the reasons of her unusual access and trust on both sides. Al- Jazeera (one of the most popular channel in the Middle East with over 40 million Arab viewers) was launched in 1996. This observational documentary records the wide range of opinions that surrounds the Qatar television news network during Iraq invasion. Turning up at the stations headquarters in Qatar, Noujaim got to know reporter Hassan Ibrahim and senior producer Sameer Khadar, both from Al- Jazeera channel network, whose sympathy to her project enabled its success. Most of ordinary people including journalists, who come into view in the documentary film are doubtful, to say the least of the Bush administrations policies, but they also stick to a journalistic ethic of objectivity and fairness, trying to navigate between their political allegiances and the code of their craft. (Walters, New York Times 2004) This particular documentary film is made of conversations of journalists and different people involved in the news industry. Though there are shots of dead civilians and bombardments with meat corpses, it is not the main subject in the film. The main subject is the real documentary shots showing people, journalists and their reaction to the events, their conversations and their actions. The shots of innocent Iraqi civilians being killed make the viewer feel very sorry for everything that is happening to them and their families. There for, the complete documentary film represents American military troops in the cruel and very Ã¢â¬Ëdevil light. An Observational documentary mode: This film uses a Ã¢â¬Ëfly on the wall technique to observe the Al Jazeera journalists (and other media organisations) as they record stories and interact with the U.S. military media spokespersons. The main commentator in the name of Al Jazeera is the senior producer Sameer Khader. Conversation between the two organizations, which are Al Jazeera and US Central Command, is embodied in the interview between two individuals Hassan Ibrahim and the American press officer Lt. Rushing. Their conversations focus around conflict and the reason of the war, agendas and images and privy to many debates about neutrality and objectivity.In the observational documentary, the camera crew is not normally seen. The people who are being filmed are meant to forget, that the camera crew is there, this is aimed to give to the audience a Ã¢â¬Å"slice of realityÃ¢â¬ . (Predovnik, 2009 http/socio-political-documentaries. suite) The observational mode (as technology advanced by the 1960s and cameras became smaller and lighter, able to document life in a less intrusive manner, there is less control required over lighting etc, leaving the social actors free to act and the documentaries free to record without interacting with each other). (www.mediaknowall.com/Documentary/definitions.htm) Despite being seen as the most direct form of documentary film, there are a number of problems inherent in the genre, which has caused to be viewed with some suspicion. One of the main problems centres on the extent to which `verite` can be seen as offering a `real` or `true` picture of the subject it is involved in. Lukacs, for example has claimed that the cameras attention to the `here and now` is an inadequate mode of knowing. Events and objects are all caught in process of change and networks of causal relations that require representation, if the `true` story is to be understood. Lukacs claim, however that Ã¢â¬Å"the extensive totality of reality is beyond the scope of any artistic creationÃ¢â¬ . In short, he is implying that `verite` is incapable of offering a true picture of its subject, because as an approach to documentary it is so limited in its scope. (Praxis international issue: 1/1986 p 82-94) Within the context of this piece of work, I am going to look on how editing can and does affect my documentary film. Editing can be defined as the art of being able to tell a story by connecting a series of shots together to make a sequence and thereby having a series of shots put together make a whole film. When editing is done well, it creates a continuity of sequence, which can make the film interesting and watchable. The way in which the camera is used, its many movements and angels of vision in relation to the object being photographed, the speed in which it reproduces actions and the very appearance of person and things before it, are governed by the many ways in which editing is fulfilled. (Rotha, 1966:79) In this particular documentary film, I have focused on the details of the opening scenes in the different aspects, whether it is a sound, camera angels or emotional influences, and if to pay attention, it is easy to see and understand the scenes and the way that the director expresses the key moments by using very sad music, dialogues and actions. Dialogues between the journalists and some other people related to the war story within the film are very crucial and important in order to follow the story. Those conversations give you a brief explanation of what is going on and who is probably the victim in the story. However, director of the film knew how to send a message to the viewer and most of all what kind of message, by finishing it all with a very clever and very provocative angle of editing in this film. There are two scenes in this film, which I would like to highlight. One of them is when, on the fifteenths minute of the documentary, the director has showed us the archive footage of ordinary, unarmed, innocent people being humiliated and attacked by the U.S military troops right in their houses. The second scene, when the statue of Saddam Hussein being removed on the square and when people shown to us, are very cheerful about it, in my opinion, gives a very strong evidence of what director was trying to say in this documentary. Most importantly, when several journalists give us their thoughts and views about the moment, when this is all happening on the square, is vital for the whole structure of the film. That is probably, the essential part in order to understand and make your own `truth` about this documentary film. By the end ofÃ¢â¬Å" Control RoomÃ¢â¬ documentary, viewers make their own conclusion. In fact, in this documentary, we have been given a `truth`, which every single viewer will decide for him/her self. We are also presented with filmic evidence, in which Al Jazeera is keen to show both sides of an argument and engage in lots of discussions, including the airing of an American perspective. In my view, the editing of the shots and conversations, along with interviews, wounded pictures of children, played a key role in this documentary. Bibliography A Portrait of Al Jazeera, Scott A. O, 2004; 09/12/2009 www. commondreams.com. Ben Walters, Film Notes, New York Times 2004 Politics of War Predovnik, 09/12/ 2009 http/socio-political-documentaries. Suite Rotha, Paul 1966 Documentary Film, 3rd edn, London: Farber Documentary modes; 1935 09/12/2009 www.mediaknowall.com/Documentary/definitions.htm Praxis international issue: 1/1986 p 82-94 An Introduction to Television Documentary (1998) ; Richard Kilborn and John Izod: Manchester University Press
Stereotypies: Antecedents and Consequences in Domestic Dog Stereotypies their antecedents and consequences in the domestic dog (Canis Familiaris) 1 Chapter 1: Introduction (2000 words) 1424 1.1 Repetitive Behaviours 2 The simplest behaviours are repetitive including normal play but this usually has a challenge, an example is avoiding cracks in the pavement (Williams and Hill, 2012). There are many kinds of repetitive behaviour, when learning a trick the behaviour is practiced until the whole trick is flawless. Many believe that the young play as a way of practicing the skills needed when adults; however research by Fagen (1981) and Smith (1982) found that Ã¢â¬Å"play is not practiceÃ¢â¬ . 1.1.1 Normal behaviours Normal behaviour is essential to promote an animalÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological and physical homeostasis so the animal can interact with and modify its environment. One of the five freedoms used to assess animal welfare is the ability to express normal behaviours (FAWC, 2009). However, the definition of normal behaviours in human terms is relative to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s culture and age and may be related to an animalÃ¢â¬â¢s culture. Kilgour (2012) asserts the definition of normal behaviour is not straightforward; however, an ethogram of domestic animals nearest wild relatives gives some idea of an animalÃ¢â¬â¢s different behaviours and time budgets. Lindsay (2001:pp.40-42) provides a dog ethogram of Ã¢â¬Ënormal behavioursÃ¢â¬â¢. Daily activity for dogs and their owners tends to vary day to day but over the seven days affords a more constant estimate of activity (Dow et al., 2009) this indicates that many companion dogsÃ¢â¬â¢ activities tend to be routine. Stressed dogs frequently find grooming calming, if the stress is long term this can lead to over grooming causing hair loss and damage to the skin. 1.1.2 Abnormal behaviours Abnormal behaviours are those that are atypical of animalÃ¢â¬â¢s in the wild (Birkett and Newton-Fisher, 2011). Abnormal repetitive behaviours are unvarying and apparently functionless that can be readily interrupted, whereas for stereotypy the behaviour must be difficult to interrupt (Mason and Latham, 2004; Haverbeke et al., 2008) these can be either impulsive/compulsive or stereotypies (Garner, 2006). 1.1.3 Stereotypic behaviours Stereotypic behaviours are all repetitive unexplained behaviours but are not necessarily predictable (Bergeron et al., 2006). Repetitive stereotypic behaviours may be symptomatic of stress but may not necessarily be a problem (Rooney et al., 2009), in the dog this could be grooming to relieve stress and only becomes a problem if it results in hair loss or damage to the skin. 1.1.4 Stereotypies Many people understand the term stereotypy to indicate that an individual exhibits a problem behaviour. 1.1.5 The Evolutionary view of Stereotypy JapyassÃ º and Malange (2014) write that from the evolutionary view the term abnormal behaviour should be avoided, because phenotypic diversity in genes, morphology and behaviour are major forces driving evolution. Phenotypic diversity is important as enables an organism to adapt to new environments; those behaviours that seem abnormal now could become the new normal depending upon evolutionary selection. The apparent lack of function in behaviour is questionable as eventually some function may be determined, or help in coping with stress or a means of communication. The function of stereotypes may also be revealed in unexpectedly perhaps related to communication (JapyassÃ º and Malange, 2014). 1.1.6 The Ethological and Animal Welfare view of Stereotypy The animal welfare view is that stereotypies are abnormal, functionless repetitive behaviours (JapyassÃ º and Malange, 2014). look for another ref. The ethological view is that stereotypies are repetitive behaviours that are unchanging irrespective of the context (JapyassÃ º and Malange, 2014). These views are drawn together by Mason (1991) defining stereotypy as repetitive, unvarying, uninterruptable behaviours with no apparent proximate or ultimate function. However, Rapp and Vollmer (2005) write that frequently stereotypic behaviours provides their own reinforcement and not social consequences. 1.1.7 What are Impulsive/Compulsive Behaviours Impulsive/compulsive repetitive behaviours are variable and have a goal directed; but the behaviour persists even after the achieving the goal or the goal becomes inappropriate (Garner, 2006). 1.1.8 Impulsive repetitive behaviours Impulsive repetitive behaviours are identified in humans with TouretteÃ¢â¬â¢s syndrome manifesting as complex tics, or as trichotillomania, hair plucking. 1.1.9 Difference between Impulsive/Compulsive Behaviours Clinically the distinction between impulsive and compulsive repetitive behaviours is important, however differentiating them is more complex in animals than in humans (Garner, 2006). 1.1.10 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Mills and Luescher (2006) state that stereotypy and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are hard to differentiate Eilam et al. (2012) add that OCD is a disabling condition affecting the suffererÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life. Ethology is the study of animal behaviour aiming to understand proximate and the ultimate causes of behaviours; the concept of the ethogram methodology is extended to the study of OCD behaviour (Eilam et al., 2012). Observations by Eilam et al. (2006) showed animals performing rigid behaviour sequences in specific locations, according to Kalueff et al. (2007) these are the spatiotemporal and locomotor characteristics of OCD. 1.1.11 What is the difference between OCB and stereotypy Chok and Koesler (2014) used functional analysis to assess the differences between stereotypy and obsessive compulsive behaviours (OCB) by identifying physiological states internal (heart rate) and external (defined by facial expression or vocalisations). Signs of pleasure were regarded as a measure positive reinforcement, hence stereotypy and of displeasure regarded as signs of OCB. 1.1.12 Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviours (OCB) Humans exhibiting obsessive-compulsive behaviours (OCB) are aware that these behaviours are irrational but are unable to resist their compulsion to continue to perform the behaviour. 1.2 Stereotypies and the environment 1.2.1 Maternal Deprivation Captive animals particularly in commercial environments but including companion animals are frequently removed from their mothers earlier than would occur in the wild (Latham and Mason, 2008). Maternal deprivation leads to an increase in the frequency and severity stereotypes these can be short term as with belly-nosing in piglets or can cause neural changes inducing later persistent stereotypes (Latham and Mason, 2008). The relationship between the animalÃ¢â¬â¢s stereotypic behaviour and the environmental deficit is not always clear. Wiedenmayer (1997) found that providing a substrate suitable for digging did not reduce stereotypies in gerbils but providing a tunnel system did. Digging was not the controlling motivation just means to achieve a burrow. 1.2.2 Stereotypy: Interdisciplinary Communication The term stereotypy has different uses in different research areas ethological, medical and animal welfare; there is not even an agreement about including lack of function or abnormality in the definition (JapyassÃ º and Malange, 2014). Edwards et al. (2012) asserts the lack of a consistent definition for stereotypies is insufficient for both academic and medical diagnostic purposes. 1.3 Stereotypies Behaviours 1.3.1 Ungulate stereotypies Ungulates are the most common mammal exhibiting stereotypy; many ungulate stereotypies tend to resemble species typical feeding and foraging behaviours (Bergeron et al., 2006). Examples of typical stereotypies for ungulates are given in Table 1. Cattle at pasture spend between 7 to 9 hours grazing and similar time ruminating; possibly herbivores have evolved to require a minimum feeding period each day (Redbo and Nordblad,1997). This could explain the number of oral stereotypies reported for animals fed on a concentrate food with restricted roughage as their time budget eating and ruminating is less that at pasture. Table 1: Examples of ungulate stereotypy 1.3.2 Carnivore stereotypies Some species of carnivores do well in captivity do not exhibit abnormal behaviours and breed successfully. While carnivores that have high activity levels and patrol large ranges have high levels of stereotypy. Vickery and Mason (2005) found carnivore stereotypies are mostly locomotory pacing and weaving, other reported stereotypies was some oral and head swaying. Clubb and Mason (2007) found the carnivore stereotypy levels are significantly predicted by their typical travel distances and natural home-range size. Perhaps some species are unsuitable for zoos and should be conserved in large areas that enable their natural behaviours. 1.4 Overall Research Aims 1.4.1 Relationship between breed type and stereotypy To try to measure the spread of different stereotypies across breed groups. It has been found that some breeds have their own particular set of stereotypes for example flack sucking in Doberman Pinchers (Houpt, 1992). 1.5 Outline Research Methods and Timescales 1.5.1 Research method A questionnaire will be used to measure the relationship between breed type and the stereotypy emitted. The survey was initially created using several survey software programs available online; many were restricted either the number of questions asked or the variety of question types was limited, or the resultant output file was not in a format readily converted for SPSS. Eventually Google Docs was selected and the survey created and was piloted on social media the resulting file of about 20 responses was downloaded in text format that could be readily input into a spreadsheet which then needs to be reformatted for input into SPSS for processing. The questionnaire included some questions that had open questions in the form of the Ã¢â¬ËotherÃ¢â¬â¢ option a free text input area. This was to allow flexibility and for respondents to feel empowered and encourage more accurate replies. This means these responses need interpreting and the formation of new categories or allocated to avai lable options for processing (Questionnaire, 2015). These questions are qualitative but once the responses have been interpreted in allocated to categories, the subsequent treatment of the data will be quantitative and analysed using quantitative statistical methods. The social environment shared by the domestic dog and their human companions unique and investigating the environment care must be taken not introduce bias by the questions asked. 1.5.2 Comparability of Responses 22.214.171.124 Outline Research Method 1 Timescales During May 2015 the survey was deployed in several different social media and forums across a number of interest groups including relating to dogs: trainers, problems, breed categories and general chat forums. The number of respondents stalled by June and further locations sort.
Saturday, July 20, 2019
Creation The Creation Stories Did the creation of the earth and life begin by itself? Or did God create them? In the beginning, civilization started to question who created earth. There were many different views. In Genesis, Jinasena, and Buddha have their own thinking. There were some differences as well as similarities. In Genesis, it was stated that God created heaven and earth. Everything we saw is God's work. Even ourselves is come out from him. In one week, Days and Nights; Skies and seasons, land and water; living creature; And humans, were created by God. An example, "Let there be light" then light came out. Everything he thought of happened instantaneously. However, there is no stating how he accomplished all this. Furthermore, there is no evidence that God's breath gave life to a living soul to man. Genesis is in a third person type of writing. Every paragraph start with "And God said..." Overall of the story, God is powerful and perfect. He had done everything w e need. Jinasena is a Jain myth and it is called "There Is No Creator". As the title states, the myth does not believe in god. There is a line say in the myth that set states this, "...if it is complete the individual jiva (soul) is released from the cycle of rebirth to a state of isolated, eternal, and omniscient inactivity." This line is saying that everyone has a soul. However, with the end of each lifetime, another spirit will start again. In another word,...
Friday, July 19, 2019
Poisonous Weeds From the book Common Poisonous Plants and Mushroom of North America by Nancy J. Turner and Adam F. Szczawinski comes a very interesting story. Ã¢â¬Å"In April 1980, a five-year-old child was fatally poisoned in Victoria, British Columbia from eating Poison Hemlock while at play with her sisters. Her babysitter was not even aware that she had eaten the plant. The little girl felt sick and would not eat. She laid down, and within an hour fell into a deep coma. It was only at this point that her sisters recalled that earlier she had eaten a plant. She was rushed to the hospital, but despite all efforts to save her life, she died six days laterÃ¢â¬ (Szczawinski, Turner, xi). Poison Hemlock is just one of the thousands of plants that are poisonous to humans as well as animals. In addition, the plants Jimsonweed and Deadly Nightshade can also have extremely harmful effects on humans. All three of these poisonous plants can turn up anywhere from hiking trails to backyards to fie lds, so therefore it is important to be able to identify them and understand how deadly they potentially can be. In order to prevent what happened in the story at the beginning, letÃ¢â¬â¢s look more closely at Poison Hemlock (Conium Maculatum). When mature, this carrot-like plant can get up to six feet or greater in height with triangular, fern-like leaves (Szczawinski, Turner, 129). The plant possesses white flowers, which are grouped in numerous umbrella-like clusters. Small, grayish brown, and flat with five curvy ridges running lengthwise describe the fruit of Poison Hemlock. However, beware of ever crushing or even touching this plant because a strong mouse odor will be emitted. Originally from Europe, Poison Hemlock is now an obnoxiou... ...ipedia.org/wiki/Datura_stramonium http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deadly_Nightshade http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poison_Hemlock Natural Resources Conservation Service-http://plants.usda.gov Research and Extension Center: Virtual Herbarium-http://uvalde.tamu.edu/herbarium/dain.htm National Capital Poison Center- http://www.poison.org/prevent/plants.asp Ophthalmic Kew Garden- http://www.mrcophth.com/plants/minipicturesofplantsforeyes.html Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University-Bozeman and MSU Extension Services Noxious Weed Specialist, respectively- http://www.montana.edu/wwwpb/pubs/mt200013.html Poison Hemlock Site- http://museum.gov.ns.ca/poison/hemlock.htm
The tragic but yet romantic novel I read was called, Elizabeth and Essex. This novel is a biographical and historical book. The subject of the book is a Ã¢â¬Å"tragic historyÃ¢â¬ . The author, Lytton Strachey, tells the reader a lot about these two Ã¢â¬Å"love birdsÃ¢â¬ that were destined to be together. Whose nameÃ¢â¬â¢s were Elizabeth and Essex. Lytton Strachey presents a very Ã¢â¬Å"well-roundedÃ¢â¬ picture of the book. I think it is very important for an author to present a good picture of the book because of one very IMPORTANT reason, for the reader to understand and to become more interested in the book, the author has to make the reader feel as if they were there discovering that piece of history that was created or a joke that was told. To me I think that the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose was several different things. Only because the book wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t only entertaining , but it was informing, and instructive. The author will do anything to make his/her book interesting and enjoyable to the public, so they try to squeeze in entertaining, informing, and instructive material into the book. The style of the book is what made it so special. It was VERY easy to understand, and at the same time it was exciting. Some readers may think a tragic, but yet romantic novel is hard to understand, but what they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know is that all books are easy to read. You are just stopping yourself too soon to learn it. This book had no problems with being beautifully written and understandable. Compared with the first book I read for the first nine weeks, I would say this book is 110 times better. (The book that I read the first nine weeks was called Abraham Lincoln as I knew him.) This book, Elizabeth and Essex, had everything that a book worm could ask for. Some interesting quotes and passages that I found were: on page 3 it said that the Earl of Essex, ElizabethÃ¢â¬â¢s lover, was once her first cousin twice removed. Another one I read was on page 91. It was a quote that was quoted by Portia to Bassano, Ã¢â¬Å"but I fear you speak upon the rack, where men enforced do speak anything.