Sunday, June 2, 2019

The Beatles :: Essay on The Beatles

The The English ROCK MUSIC group The Beatlesgave the 1960s its characteristic musical flavor and had aprofound influence on the course of popular music, equaledby few performers. The guitarists John Winston Lennon, b.Oct. 9, 1940 James Paul McCartney, b. June 18, 1942and George Harrison, b. Feb. 25, 1943 and the drummerRingo Starr, b. Richard Starkey, July 7, 1940, were all bornand raised in Liverpool. Lennon and McCartney had vietogether in a group called The Quarrymen. With Harrison,they formed their own group, The Silver Beatles, in 1959,and Starr joined them in 1962. As The Beatles, theydeveloped a local pursual in Liverpool clubs, and their beginning(a)recordings, "Love Me Do" (1962) and "Please Please Me"(1963), quickly made them Britains top jar group. Theirearly music was influenced by the American jolt and roll singersChuck BERRY and Elvis PRESLEY, but they infused ahackneyed musical form with freshness, vitality, and wit. Therelease of "I Want to Hold Your Hand" in 1964 attach thebeginning of the phenomenon known as "Beatlemania" in theUnited States. The Beatles first U.S. tour aroused auniversal mob adulation. Their concerts were scenes of massworship, and their records sold in the millions. Their first film,the innovative A Hard Days Night (1964), was receivedenthusiastically by a wide audience that included many whohad never before listened to rock music. Composing theirown material (Lennon and McCartney were the majorcreative forces), The Beatles established the precedent forother rock groups to play their own music. Experimentingwith new musical forms, they produced an extraordinary cast of songs the childishly simple "Yellow Submarine"the bitter social commentary of "Eleanor Rigby" parodies ofearlier pop styles new electronic sounds and compositionsthat were scored for cellos, violins, trumpets, and sitars, aswell as for conventional guitars and drums. Some enthusiastscite the albums Rubbe r Soul (1965) and Revolver (1966) asthe apex of Beatle art, although Sergeant Peppers LonelyHearts Club Band (1967), perhaps the first rock albumdesigned thematically as a single musical entity, is moregenerally considered their triumph. The group disbanded in1970, after the release of their final album, allow It Be, andduring the 1970s pursued individual careers. On Dec. 8,1980, John Lennon was fatally shot outside his Manhattanapartment by Mark Chapman, a 25-year-old former mental patient of who, earlier that same day, had asked Lennon for hisautograph. Lennons murder was universally mourned withan intensity of feeling usually inspired only by political andspiritual leaders. Bibliography The Beatles Complete, 2

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