Sunday, January 6, 2019
Hardware and Software Essay
The touch onor is the maven of a reckoner. It selects instructions from your softwargon product and tells ready reckoner what to do. The speed at which the CPU processes discipline intern exclusivelyy is measured in megacycle (MHz) and Gigahertz ( gigacycle). 1 GHz is liken to 1,000 MHz. Generally, processors with elevateder MHz or GHz enhance your cogency to run creative, entertainment, communication, and productivity applications. The processor has three chief(prenominal) functions 1. It reign overs the contagion of data from input cheats to memory. 2. It processes the data held in main memory.3. It controls the transmission of in coifion from main memory to rig devices. The processor is held on a wiz board called a m oppo station board. Operating System I objectate run agreement is the intimately of the essence(p) program that runs on a estimator. Operating systems return a softw be platform on clear up of which some other programs, called application pro grams, run. The application programs must be written to run on transgress of a failicular operating system. Your weft of operating system, therefore, determines to a great cessation the applications you raft run.For PCs, the close to popular operating systems atomic physique 18 DOS, OS/2, and throw divulgedows, simply others ar available, such(prenominal) as Linux. Monitors I take a large manage is collapse beca accustom it result concur all those be adrift palettes that modern writtens applications bring in and it forget have much than room to encounter the design. It cedes time when hoi polloi be pissing(a) on much(prenominal) than go ondows. It makes it easier to move ab issue occasion amid variant windows. idiot box card game Video card is the while of hardw be that takes that proceeds and tells the monitor which of the dots on the masking out to light up (and in what air) to allow you to see it.I think ikon card is one of the com ponents that has an contact on system exertion and it arsehole impact on performance much than both other component in the PC. These card fecal outcome shift millions of pixel for exalted quality view of the emblems. rugged Drives I think keep goinging up data is really master(prenominal). This could be make on Hard Disks. For Example a self employed designer may hold up work files onto impertinent hard dish, CD, DVD, or Removable phonograph recording stimulate further as musical arrangement be larger, therefore they might back up development automated living softw be.Beca use up organisations have to withdraw the data onto extraneous drives for their clients, it could be transferred to CD set, DVD and push Disks. Optical Example of Optical drive is a DVD drive, this drive offers playback of fight disc read- whole memory discs allowing exploiters to view high definition programs right off on a properly pit up calculating machine. These Drives co uld be built in or externally attached via a USB 2. 0. These so-and-so be use by designers to transfer data on a CD/DVD to show their clients. conk out Cards I think 3D Sound Cards ar genuinely secure for PCs. It enables a computer to distort and payoff profounds.Sound cards atomic number 18 exactful for nearly all CD-ROMs and have call on rough-cutplace for personal computers. Sound cards enable the computer to fullning sound through speakers connected to the board. S pukener S pukeners plunder copy the cipher of a document, such as a photograph, or a advanced(a)s written report article and make water a digital mutation of that document so that it clear be read by a computer. at that place atomic number 18 several(predicate) devil types of s placeners which pressmans use today unconditionedcar Sheet fed Flatbed These s chamberpotners give the axe s canister flat masters of antithetic surfaces. They can even scan subatomic 3D objects (For Example, ha nd).Sheet Fed These scanners work a insect bite other than than flatbed scanners considerate of of having a moving see head, the tabloid fed scanner moved the paper past a stationary scanning head. pressman Printing quality is very(prenominal) classical for designers/companies. Printing is a process for production of texts and designs, typically with ink on paper victimisation a stamp press. It is often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential part of publishing and transaction im crisscross. These be for the or so part apply for the impression of flyers, sales bodily and to the designing of photographs. newswriter can be connected through a USB occupation or sometimes there is no cable required, they can except be connected via local network. in that location are two main types of stainers Ink jet-propelled plane Laser Inkjet correspondents Ink Jet printers use dots of colored ink onto paper to take a leak an sidetrack show. They are non very expensive to deal and it will al close to print in twine. However, they can be expensive to race if you do a lot of opinion and it can be slow, and the output is faded. Laser Printers These printers are used to create high-quality printout at high speed.They are expensive, however, and they are slackly limited to minatory and white outputs. Types of bundle Macromedia studio apartment 8 Macromedia Studio 8 is a pure(a) prickingkit for vane designers and animators, and it introduces unseasoned owns. some(prenominal) digital heart and soul makers can find their right smart around Macromedia software, but the acclivity to Studio 8 makes common tasks easier to execute for those without tag expertise. This package includes the quest software 1. showy 8 An animation tool. 2. Dream weaverbird 8 A blade design application. 3. Fireworks 8 A naturals tailoror. 4. winkle outPaper 2 PDF maker. 5. Contribute 3 The weave site manager.It introduces alpha cha nnel video groundwork and provides untried effects that animators can manipulate in real time to head-shrinker the file sizings and hasten the playback time of Flash animation on end-user desktops. Flash, Fireworks, and Dream weaver immediately optimize multimedia content for cell recollects, Pads, and other mobile. Corel create condescend professional person fig X2 Corel released the radicalest recital of its take to tailoring suite, Corel paint reveal Pro vulnerability X2. X2 is an easy-to-use, stringy image trim backor at an affordable price. Retailing for vindicatory $99 or little, X2 is certainly a viable option for consumers who are overly considering products from adobe brick.What sets X2 apart from the competition is a grand array of old and young features (some of which are unique to Corel). Photoshop 8. 0 CS Win adobe Photoshop CS means first-class results extravaganter, with new features and enhancements that helps creating and managing images easily and efficiently. The essential new and ameliorate features help graphic and weathervane designers, photographers and video professionals create the highest quality images, with the control, flexibility, and mental ability that is expected from the professional standardised in desktop digital imaging.Microsoft slur Microsoft Office 2007 packs more improvements into the worlds atomic number 82 application. Package Includes Microsoft Word Create and tailor text and graphics in letters, reports, wind vane pages or e-mail messages. Microsoft Excel effect calculations, analyse information and manage lists in spreadsheets or entanglement pages. Microsoft PowerPoint Create and edit presentations for slide shows, meetings and nett pages.  Microsoft Outconstruction retain and receive e-mail, manage schedules, contacts and tasks, and record activities.Microsoft paper Create and edit newsletters, brochures, flyers, and web sites.  Microsoft entrance fee Creat e databases and programs to track and manage information. Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, Publisher, Access, Project, InfoPath, Visio, and integrityNote all work basically as they did before, scarcely its more easily. Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Outlook are the only programs to get the ripe larboard upgrade. Outlook gets the new interface upgrade only in its content-creation screens. Xara Xtreme Xara Xtreme is a top class graphics tool, It does non matter what the level of graphics experience.With its amazing speed, small size, reasonable system requirements, moderate price, and powerful feature set, its hard to go wrong with Xara Xtreme. Although its currently only for Windows, Xara has announced plans to make Xtreme open reference work and to develop Macintosh and Linux versions. 1. Xara Xtreme is a fast yet powerful vector-based draft copy and congressman program for Windows. 2. Includes a Picture editor in chief where you can crop, rotate, enhance and sharpen bitmap -based photos. 3. adapted for Web graphics, illustration, technical drawing, animation, cartooning, and compositions.Task One (M1) I have outlined the following two hardware and stated the limitations of severally hardware in terms of capture, treatment and storage of graphics. 1. liquid crystal display (Liquid quartz glass Display) Monitors 2. Inkjet Printer liquid crystal display (Liquid crystallization Display) Monitors liquid crystal display (Liquid Crystal Display) monitors are based on a newer technology and are becoming very popular, mainly because they have great musculus quadriceps femoris and energy saving vantages over cathode-ray tube (Cathode Ray Tube) monitors. cathode-ray tube and LCD monitors are based on alone different technologies, and thus have quite different display.One of the biggest advantages of LCD monitors is that they are compact and lightweight. Limitations 1. Most cathode-ray tube monitors are open(a) of displaying unlimited colors but LCD monit ors are only surefooted of hundreds or thousands of colors. 2. cathode-ray tube monitors are usually capable of displaying multiple video resolutions but an important issue with LCD monitors is resolution.  A CRT screen can be looked at from a very widely angle, a good deal from the side, but an LCD monitor typically has a smaller viewing angle, needing to be viewed more directly from the front.CRT monitors are primarily more affordable than LCD monitors. Inkjet Printer Inkjet printers have made fast technological advances in recent years. The three- glossiness printer has been around for several years now and has succeeded in making food coloringingise printing an affordable option but as the superior four-colour model became cheaper to assert, the replaceable tone arm model was gradually phased out. With each new product on the market screening improvements in performance, usability, and output quality. Limitations 1. Slower than a optical maser printer. 2.An Inkje t printer is a means to have color printing available. The color is sprayed onto the paper. 3. They can be expensive to operate if you do a lot of printing and it can be slow, and the output is faded. 4. Cartridges need to be spayd more frequently and the redundant coated paper required to bring high-quality output is very expensive. 5. Inkjets work out to be more expensive than optical maser printers. Task One (M1) packet Packages 1. Corel blusher Shop Pro Photo X2 2. Adobe PhotoShop 8. 0 CS Win I have chosen two of the software, which I think are good for creating, capturing and utilisation graphic images.I have chose these because the alliance has the Microsoft chance as their operating system and both of these work the best on and have been especially intentional for Microsoft Windows Vista. some(prenominal) of these can be used by professionals. I have explained the software and features it has for each. Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo X2 Corel released the newest versio n of its image modify suite, Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo X2. The new X2 gives fancier digital photographers an entirely new set of tools to unlock their creative potential. It is packed with applications for downloading, viewing, demeanoring, and alter/processing images, is X2.The new graphite-coloured workspace is to enable users to keep down on the image instead of the interface, but the graphite is somely for the benefit of Vista users, and it can be operated to use the brighter XP-style colour scheme. The new features are very welcome, such as the automatic saving of all(prenominal) stamp you work on into a sub-folder of its original folder, in effect creating a digital negative you can perpetually revert to if things go pear-shaped during editing. There is tool which can make people look thinner than they really are.What it rattling does is make a sort of digital pleat in the foresee so that anybody under the cursor looks a teeny bit thinner, but the rest of the pict ure, including anybody ill abounding to be nearby, gets stretched to fill in the missing pixels and ends up feel around fatter. The Makeover tools, which are designed to hide blemishes, off red- eyeball, whiten teeth and add belie tans, have been expanded with an eye whitener, just in case subjects have had a rough night before the daunt and are sporting bloodshot eye that might give the game a federal agency. Features they give to the User1. emit Lab 2. HDR Photo mix in 3. tiers Style 4. Visible Watermarks 5. Auto-Preserve Originals 6. Photo senescent Tools 7. Compatibility with Photo Shop Plug-ins Features Explained 1. Express Lab This helps users livelyly view and spend a penny multiple photos in the identical gist of time it used to take to edit just one. Common tools such as crop, rotate, red-eye removal, makeover/blemish removal, brightness, saturation, and other quick fix tools. 2. HDR Photo Merge proud Dynamic Range (HDR) Photo Merge tool can aggregate two o r more bracketed exposures in golf club to set about one perfect exposure. 3.Layer Styles It can easily apply effects such as embossing, drop shadows, or even reflections that will mechanically update whenever the underlying layer is emended. 4. Visible Watermarks This feature allows to stamp images with a watermark. This is perfect for defend copyright when uploading images online. 5. Auto-Preserve Originals It will never abide favorite photos by mistake again thanks to a feature that automatically preserves the original photos when saved an edited version , giving a way to get the original image back in case making a mistake during the editing process.6. Photo Aging Tools It is a unique and easy-to-use feature with the ability to apply aging tenses to images and make them look like film images from decades long ago. 7. Compatibility with PhotoShop Plug-ins An subtle feature in Corels Paint Shop Pro Photo serial publication is compatibility with most PhotoShop plug-ins and pervades. Corel PhotoShop 8. 0 CS win Review This is the new version of PhotoShop and its the photo graphics editor standard against the other graphic software. It is used by more graphics professionals than just slightly any other photo-editing and paint program.The new version has the CS (Creative Suite) extension, which includes few new features for most types of user. Everybody should benefit from the improved file browser, which offers many of the features of photo album-style products. As sound as viewing thumbnails, you can lagger in different sizes before loading. Theres now a easy way to match act upon between photo-objects, while leaving their underlying textures unchanged. This physical body of colour replacement first appeared as a red-eye tool in PhotoShop Elements. intense designers will like this version of PhotoShop CS for its introduction of text on a path, with which you can create and edit text running at angles and on curves. You can also work on images up to 300,000 pixels square large enough for billboard design, and develop multiple versions of graphics victimization layers to hold the version differences. Adobe includes Image Ready CS with PhotoShop CS. This Web image designer and editor offers improved multiple selection controls, direct exporting to Macromedia Flash and more compact hypertext mark-up language code when finished designing. These are the Features of this Software1. Professional toolset 2. Colour Correction 3. compound layer control 4. alter filing cabinet Browser 5. ripe(p) Web capabilities 6. better Brush 7. Special effect filters 8. Advanced type control 9. Customized workspace 10. uncomparable expertness These are the top ten features of why should they get this product 1. Professional toolset. This tool can help in creating original images or modifying photos exploitation a full assortment of painting, drawing tools. 2. Colour rectifyion. It can Improve the color, contrast of any image with a com prehensive set of professional color-correction tools. 3.Enhanced layer control. It can combine images, text, and effects on hundreds of layers that can be organise with up to five levels of nesting and save in different combinations as Layer. 4. Improved commit Browser. It can quickly preview, tag, and sort images search and edit keywords and automatically piece of ground batches of files from the improved File Browser. Advanced Web capabilities. It can create sophisticated Web page elements, such as roll-overs and animations, using Image Ready. heal Brush. It removes dust, scratches, blemishes, wrinkles, and other flaws with the Healing Brush.Special effect filters. It is easy to examine and achieve amazing results by accessing more than 95 special effects filters, house trailer and apply more than one filter at a time with the new Filter Gallery.  Advanced type control. peck can add vector-based text that can be edited at any time, format, warp, convert to outlines, and use for masks or other special effects. Customized workspace. People can work the way thats best for you by saving personalised workspace and tool settings, and creating customised keyboard shortcuts. Unparalleled efficiency.Users can automate production tasks with inherent or customised scripts and the actions palette which lets users record editing steps to quickly process batches of files. Graphic and Web designers can take advantage of the features that include improved file management, new design possibilities, a way to create for the Web, and prolong for 16-bit images, digital television camera and non-square pixels. This Software can create the highest quality images more efficiently. Task Two (P2) 1. Monitor 2. Printer Monitors The Company bought 17 LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) monitors. These are flat screen monitors.I believe that the LCD monitors take less desk space but I would designate that the company change monitors from LCD to CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) because i th ink CRT monitors are let off considered to have a better colour range and are easier to calibrate colour accuracy. These monitors are still very popular in graphic arts where high quality sound reflection is important. Benefits 1. The designs would be seen in better and true(a) colours because most CRT monitors are capable of displaying unlimited colours. 2. It will have better resolution because CRT monitors are usually capable of displaying multiple video resolutions, each with the same quality.3. There is no concern rough the brightness of the monitor. 4. I think it will give a better preview from different angles because a CRT screen can be looked at from a very wide angle, practically from the side. 5. CRT monitors are generally more affordable than LCD monitors. I would suggest them to buy CRT monitors OR buy bigger LCD flat monitor because I think a larger monitor will accommodate all those floating palettes that modern graphic applications have and they will have more r oom to see the network. They can change from 17 to 21 a monitor which is an ideal for designers. Benefits 1.Makes Clicking Easier its easier to click on larger targets. 2. Enhances Readability Its easier to read larger fonts. 3. Better proof that it can work and look good aspiration is working and looking good. 4. Some of the monitors produce excellent colour quality and they can be moved around for a better landscape and portrait mode. Printers They already bought a Colour Laser Printer but which is Black and White. These printers are generally quite fast, but they are more expensive. These printers use technology similar to that of a photocopier to create high-quality printout at high speed.They are expensive, however, and they are generally limited to sour and white. I would suggest the company to buy a printer which is colour because when looking at a design colour is the most attractive. Benefits 1. Colour Laser printers replaces toner than cartridges, they are more expens ive but it lasts more than a cartridge. 2. Output from the printer would be colourful. A hardcopy of the image can be seen in colour. Task Three (D2) An output for graphics is very important. There are different types of Outputs that can be used for graphics. 1. Monitor 2. Printer 3. Scanner.4. digital Cameras 5. roving Phones Monitor A monitor is the screen on which words, numbers, and graphics can be seen. The monitor is the most common output device. Printer You can print your output on hardcopy devices such as laser printers and plotters. Some printers (daisy-wheel and line printers) can print only text. Other printers can print both text and graphics. Scanner Scanners will take an image of a drawing or photo and converts them into digital images. Digital Cameras A digital camera is a device thats used for pickings photographs, like a conventional camera.The image is inclosed in the camera in digital form. In order to see the pictures, the user connects the camera to the compu ter and views the images on screen. The pictures can be saved on disk and can also be edited, using a graphics package. Mobile Phones A mobile phone can be used to take photographs like a digital camera. The image is stored in the phone memory. The user can see the picture by connecting the phone to a computer to view or manipulate. The pictures can be moved from the phone memory to the computer hard disk. colony is very important for any type of output device. upshot Refers to the sharpness and clarity of an image. The term is most often used to describe how healthy an image matches with the original. The correct resolution for an image is contumacious by the output device ( demesne Wide Web, Inkjet printer, laser printer, etc). 1. Printer Resolution Measured by the number of ink dots per inch or (DPI). DPI is dots of ink, toner that is placed on a paper. 2. Scanner Resolution The correct resolution for a scan is determined by the targeted output device or display.For Example, a scanned image will only be viewed on a computer monitor. 3. Digital Camera Resolution When decision making on resolution needs, thinking about intended output is important. If digital camera is there only to create images for the web then a one Mega pel camera is sufficient. Size Size refers to the visible dimensions of an image. Image can be created by using inches and centimetres and by resolution using pixels. If the picture is for the screens (On a Monitor) then using pixels is a good idea but for printing using inches and centimetres is good.Colour The colour depth of the image is not same as the actual number of colours it contains. The colour depth tells the maximum number of colours the image is capable of containing. Images with the colour depth of 15 million colours look the best because they contain the most colours. However not all devices can display 16 million colours. For Example, GIF images, a popular format for the web (Monitor), can only contain 256 colours. It is very important that we keep in mind what the picture is for and where is it going to be viewed to audience.To improve performance of graphics output, most graphics devices provide some form of pilot lighting. By default, final causes graphics procedures flush this buffer after every drawing operation. The procedures in this section allow the user to control the flushing of the output buffer. When exporting an image for screen outputs, its very important what format of the picture is exported. These are few formats that are mostly used for screen and printing outputs. 1. JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) 2. GIF (Graphic change Format) 3. PNG (Portable Network Graphics) 4. BMP (Bitmap) 5. trouble (Tagged Image File Format) JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) JPEG is designed for compressing either full-colour or Gray-scale digital images of natural, real-world scenes. It does not work very well on non-realistic images and does not custody black-and-white. It is on e of the most popular image formats used on the meshwork. It can impose a files size by as much as 96%. It is used when 24-bit colour are used and mostly when it is for Internet distribution. GIF (Graphic Interchange Format) It is one of the two most common file formats for graphic images on the World Wide Web.It supports up to 8-bit colour images, and it is optimised for high contrast images and blocks of colours. It uses loss-less condensation, GIF supports ace colour hydrofoil and animation and it does not support layers or alpha channels. It is used when a single colour transparency needed, when a single file animation is produced for use on the Internet and when the picture have less than or acceptable with 256 colours. PNG (Portable Network Graphics) It is a file format designed for the web graphics and is used to transmit and store bit-mapped images. It was created specifically for the Internet and other networks.It supports 24-bit colour with loss-less compression, one alpha channel, alpha transparency, and slightly better compression than GIF. The current extension of net scape Navigator and Internet Explorer may not completely support PNG and previous browsers do not support it at all. It also does not support layers. It is mostly used for high colour alpha transparency and for loss-less compression of high colour images. BMP (Bitmap) This was invented by Microsoft. Many graphics programs running under Windows, which support monochrome up to 24-bit colour formats, use the BMP format. The BMP format does not support image file compression. ado (Tagged Image File Format) A TIFF is one of most widely support file format for storing images on a computer. It can dole out a range from one bit to 24 bits of photographic image, but as an older format, images saved as TIFF files tend to be larger than JPEG or . PSD formats. Tagged-Image File Format is a whippy bitmap image format supported by virtually all paint, image-editing, and page-layout applic ations. Also, virtually all desktop scanners can produce TIFF images. Affects of Output devices  Colour is most important thing which affects everyones eye on any of the output.Monitors Monitor size will affect the design output because there are designs which look differently when we view by using wide screen monitor rather than normal standard screen.  TRC monitor can impairment the eye locoweed, because of the UV radiation, however LCD monitors arent dangerous for the eye sight but if you have a TRC kind monitor you could put a filter to protect the eyesight. Printing 4. When printing a hardcopy from a printer, the most important thing is that what paper is going to be recyclable and what printer is required to print out the original design.