Monday, December 24, 2018
'Becoming a Family\r'
'The family is still considered by sociologists as the nuclear comp unriva directnt of each fellowship regardless of cultural norms, traditions and beliefs. In the unite States, the average American family has permitne dramatic changes in harm of its function and sociable organisations. Of these changes, the most likely is the fact that most average American families ar straightway what some(prenominal) considered as blend families.Blended families ar considered to be super complex in term of its structure and as such, the interpersonal consanguinity in the midst of the fragments of these blend families run lows complex as nearly. It is for this spring that numerous look into studies move all over been conducted with regards to the adjustment and interpersonal relationships that occur amid family members. This physical composition would pop the question a summary of the findings of one particular research study conducted with regards to the relationship am ong members of mingle families.The paper would in any(prenominal) case provide a critical military rank on the findings that aro commit been presented by the researchers in the condition provided by comparing this with four new(prenominal) journal denominations on the topic. Summary of bind The journal article selected for the critical military rating to be conducted in this paper is a study conducted by Braithwaite, Olson, Golish, Soukup and Turman entitled Ã¢â¬Å" fit a FamilyÃ¢â¬Â: developmental Processes Represented in Blended Family Discourse.In this article, the researchers found the guide to check into and develop a deeper reason on the different performancees that occur in spite of appearance amalgamate families in clubho enforce to run a lusty, nuclear family sociologists return long know as the foundation of any society. The need was brought most by statistics showing an antiophthalmic factorlification in the number of mingle families now present inwardly modern-day American societies (Braithwaite, Olson, Golish, Soukuip & deoxyadenosine monophosphate; Turman 2000). The study conducted by the researchers obscure a combination of qualitative and numeric methodologies centering on a attend to- way come near.A add of 980 members of unify families were interviewed by the researchers, with the questionnaire based on the findings of former research studies conducted on the sheath matter. found on the data collected by the researchers, they had find out that the major issues immingle families had to cope with in order to become a strong nuclear family are the management of boundaries amid members of the family, upstandingarity and readjustment to the c at a timept of be a unify family.The researchers pertinacious that although the talks processes that occurred among members of unify families differs there remains some greenness ingredients which, in turn, champion determine whether or not the mix family would be adequate to(p) to adapt or otherwise (Braithwaite et al 2000). According to the analysis of the data gathered by the researchers with regards to the methods of dialogue that occurs within intermingle families, they primed(p) that those that ache make loved what they considered to be constructive trajectories are much satisfactory-bodied to adapt to the military post a lot better, regardless of the issues at hand.In the case of overcoming the issue with regards to verge management, the researchers hardened that successful unify families are those that finished with(predicate) the prissy use of interpersonal colloquy skills, the members of the intermingle family are much able to shake off a smooth passageway for the new members of the family to become incorporated in the commix family. On the other hand, the pretermit of such negotiating skills can emergence for the addressing of saltation management to become stagnant within the first four years of being a unify family or plain cause friction and turmoil to arise.The identical holds true with regards to addressing the issues of solidarity and adaptation among intermix families. Based on this, the researchers concluded that manner on how interpersonal relationship and communication occurs amidst members of the intermix family is a key factor in determining the success Ã¢â¬ or lack thereof Ã¢â¬ in the exercise set of the amalgamate family (Braithwaite et al 2000). Critical EvaluationIn order to provide an ample critical evaluation with regards to the article summarized, the concept of Ã¢â¬Å" intermingle familiesÃ¢â¬Â must(prenominal) first be impelled. According to Shalay and Brownlee (2007), blended families are those families that occur as a event of a re nuptials made on the part of the kick upstairss. In many cases, sociologists touch on blended families as those separated families that clear been united with each other by marriage. In the United States, blended families have now become a common part of society.In a country, where almost half(a) of the marriages end in divorce, it has been estimated that 79% of break up men and 75% divorced women would remarry, with 60% of this population having children from the previously dissolved marriage (Darden & Zimmerman 1992). While the commonly use terminology in society to bear upon to the put forward-child relationship and sibling relationship yielding from the remarriage process as step families, sociologists prefer to use the term blended families to recognize the conflux of these two families into one solid unit (Shalay & Brownlee 2007).The focus of the article Ã¢â¬Å" comely a FamilyÃ¢â¬Â: Developmental Processes Represented in Blended Family Discourse is centered on the understanding of the different pathways that blended families bear up under as they slowly merge and become one solid family unit. During this process, the researchers have determined that the main i ssues faced by blended families are confines management, solidarity and adaptation. by means of the initial lit review conducted by the researchers for the study, they have determined that stage-based models initially used by sociologists have been highly limited primarily out-of-pocket to its over-simplification of the stages presented and the assumption that blended families must pull in a specific objective in order to reach the next level. The complexness of the structure of blended families have led the researchers to adopt a process attack to understand the different patterns and processes that blended families undergo in their quest in sightly a solid family unit (Braithwaite et al 2000).These conclusions were also found by woodland in her book entitled relative conference: Continuity and Change in Personal Relationships. In her chapter which looks into the development of matter in interpersonal relationships, woods (2000) stipulated that earliest models depicting stages within interpersonal relationships, such as that experienced in blended families, have been initially misinterpreted as a stage or a submit where in fact, the development of intimacy is an ongoing process.By viewing the development of intimacy in interpersonal relationships, one can take for granted that the moment the stage is completed, those involved in the interpersonal relationship would be able to progress to the next stage and would no longer experience the combats and issues that have already been addressed in the previous stage. In reality, interpersonal relationships is an ongoing process depict by the solving and resolving conflicts and issues passim the length of the relationship, making the process approach more applicable in the understanding of blended families.The premise presented by Wood in her book can also be found in the article of Ginther and Pollak entitled Family Structure and ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s educational Outcomes: Blended Families, Stylized Fac ts, and Descriptive Regressions where they looked into the fight betwixt the performance of children coming from Ã¢â¬Å" sacrosanctÃ¢â¬Â families and those coming from blended families. Here, Ginther and Pollack (2004) tell that in the understanding of how being a part of a blended family would lure the educational performance of a child.Based on the initial research they conducted, they determined that many of the literature that they reviewed approach the study of blended families through what they termed as stylized facts, which are simple correlations between parents and children in terms of the relationships that they foster within a blended family. Ginther and Pollack discovered that those that have use the stylized fact approach would a good deal be a result of the conflicting parenting styles experienced by the children in the forepart of both the biological parent and the stepparent.While this whitethorn partly be responsible for any form of conflict arising withi n blended families and frankincense, making the process of becoming a family unit more difficult, the study that they have conducted have found that this is brought about by the stress continuously experienced within the relationship between parents and children in blended families. As such, they stipulated in their study that a change in the approach to focus more on the relationship between parents and children in blended families are more important in understanding the process undertaken by blended families into becoming solid family units.In the article Ã¢â¬Å" go a FamilyÃ¢â¬Â: Developmental Processes Represented in Blended Family Discourse, the use of duologue has been considered extremely vital in the addressing of issues commonly faced by blended families in their quest to become a solid family unit. This premise has been supported in other studies that have been conducted by other researchers. In a study conducted by Darden and Zimmerman (1992), they looked into the vari ous issues faced by blended families in the United States over the sustain decade from a theoretical, clinical and research perspective.It was their understanding that much of the previous approaches and methods apply in the understanding of blended families in the United States have been inadequate repayable to the fact that they were based on previous studies conducted on Ã¢â¬Å"intactÃ¢â¬Â families as well as single-parent families. The researchers have determined that the main(a) conflict rising within blended families are rooted from the authoritys that each member plays. The children still regard their biological, or natural, parents to be the only ones that have authority over their growth and development as individuals.As a result, the stepparents would often find themselves feeling excluded from their role as being a parent to these children since dialogues are commonly made between biological parents instead between the biological parent and the stepparent. The imp ortance of such duologue between biological parents was comprehensively explained in a study conducted by Kathleen Rodgers and Hilary Rose. In their study, which focused on the understanding factors that change further in the psychological and behavioural changes observe among adolescents in blended families.This was make through the use of the risk and resilience framework. Because of the loss of a recognized parent from the household, the adolescent in a blended family may perceive the infrequent posture of the recognized parent to be a loss of parental support. The resiliency framework is used to measure the level of adaptation that the adolescent experiences as a result of a challenging stake, in this case, the hawk from an Ã¢â¬Å"intactÃ¢â¬Â family to a blended family.Based on their findings, they had determined that one method for the proper and successful adaptation of the children in blended families is through the constant negotiation between biological parents as well as between the biological parent and stepparent would be able to resolve any feelings of safeguard on the part of the children, which would, in turn, flatus to the progress of the blended family in terms of addressing the three issues presented by Braithwaite and her colleagues which are boundary management, solidarity and adaptation (Rodgers & Rose 2002).The negotiation process presented in the article Ã¢â¬Å"Becoming a FamilyÃ¢â¬Â: Developmental Processes Represented in Blended Family Discourse has been used as a tool used by many family therapists during counseling sessions, particularly with blended families who are having difficulties in becoming a solid family unit. In the article, much of the conflict arise as a result of the awareness of the fact that the initial expectations that had once been held by members of the blended family are tatterdemalion as they realize the reality of the situation that they find themselves in.One method utilized in family counsel ing sessions is the use of taradiddle therapy. In their article Narrative Family Therapy with Blended Families, Shalay and Brownlee (2007), determined through the study that they have conducted that through the use of a process approach, the narrative therapy proved to be beneficial in helping blended families become solid family units since through this method, they are able to discuss not just their expectations.The narrative therapy also allows members of the family to relate any form of disappointments that they have experienced as a result of not being able to toy their initial expectations as well as social myths that they have heard with regards to blended families and influences of previous histories in their respective lives. Through this, members of the blended family are then able to reach a comprise resulting from negotiation processes carefully assisted by the therapist in order to ensure that the blended family becomes a solid family unit.Conclusion With more and mo re families now becoming blended as a result of different social factors, particularly divorce and remarriage, harmony and whiz within the family has now become extremely more complicated to achieve. Although this phenomenon is common, this nevertheless brings about new conflicts that have not been observed among traditional nuclear families. This includes the rise of the issues regarding boundary management, adaptation and solidarity.It is for this reason that the use of negotiation skills has become more important among blended families in order to eradicate any fears and inhibitions felt by the members of the blended family in order to achieve harmony and unity, thus exhibiting the same traits found among traditional families. References Baithwaite, D. O. , Olson, L. N. , Golish, T. D. , Soukup, C. & Turman, P. (2002). Ã¢â¬Å"Becoming a familyÃ¢â¬Â: developmental processes delineate in blended family discourse.In S. A. Friedley (Ed. ), Interpersonal Communication Theory: A Reader (pp. 181-207). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company. Darden, E. C. & Zimmerman, T. S. (1992). Blended families: a decade review, from 1979 to 1990. Family Therapy, 19(1), 25-30. Ginther, D. K. & Pollak, R. A. (2004). Family structure and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s educational outcomes: blended families, stylized facts, and descriptive regressions. Demography, 41(4), 671- 96.Rodgers, K. B. & Rose, H. A. (2002). Risk and resiliency factors among adolescents who experience marital transitions. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 1024-37. Shalay, N. & Brownlee, K. (2007). Narrative family therapy with blended families. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 18(2), 17-30. Wood, J. T. (2000). comparative Communication: Continuity and Change in Personal Relationships (2nd ed. ). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.\r\n'